Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Apollos Cooper, 15 January 1807

15 Jan. 1807

At a meeting of a respectable number of the Republicans of the county of Oneida convened at the house of Mr. A. Loomis in Westmoreland, January 15, 1807. pursuant to public notice, for the purpose of adopting an Address to the President of the United States. Apollos Cooper, Esq. was chosen Chairman and Samuel Dill, Secretary.

Resolved, That Francis A. Bloodgood, Joshua Hathaway, David W. Childs, and William Hotchkiss, Esqr. be a committee to report to this meeting a suitable address to the President of the United States, requesting him to accept from his fellow Citizens another nomination to the office of Chief Magistrate of the U. States

The said committee having reported the subsequent Address

Resolved unanimously, that the same be adopted; and that the chairman and Secretary sign it in behalf of this meeting and transmits a copy thereof to the President of the U. States

To Thomas Jefferson, Esq. President of the U. States.


The Republicans of the county of Oneida, in the state of Newyork, actuated by a grateful sense of your wise and patriotic administration, cannot forbear joining their fellow citizens of the United States in addressing you, with a view to the continuance of those distinguished blessings of peace and liberty, which, under a well ordered government have been secured to the people

While Europe presents ambition, wading to empire through the blood of its citizens, we behold at home the patriot and statesman placed at the head of a happy and powerful nation, by the free suffrages of his fellow citizens. By the convulsions abroad we have been partially agitated.—You have watched their progress and thus far, avoided their baneful influence.

Our domestic peace has also been disturbed, by the machinations of parties hostile to liberty, and adverse to the spirit of our constitution.—They have decreased as Republicanism advanced, and deprived of every ambitious hope, are now transformed into promoters of discord and sowers of dissention.

At the commencement of that revolution which placed us first in the rank of nations, we recognize, in the declaration of our rights, those maxims in politics which then secured our Independence and now afford us, under your administration, that happiness by which we are so eminently distinguished. By recurring to that glorious Declaration and contrasting any administration with its spirit and principles, we have a political test that cannot err

In a former administration, laws have been passed “to prevent the population of these states, by obstructing the naturalization of foreigners”.—In another, those laws, new modelled upon the broad basis of justice and good faith. In one, we have seen “erected a multitude of new offices, and swarms of officers to harrass the people and eat out their substance”.—By another, rendered unnecessary through economical arrangements. By one, armies have been established in times of peace without necessity, the derision of other nations and operating as sinecures to the younger branches of the oppulent and wealthy.—Removed under another by wise and pacific measures.—The restraints imposed on public opinion under Sedition laws, removed, and the press left free to the empire of reason. The impositions under stump laws, on commerce and trade and from the officers for their attention placed in every village in the Union as centinels on the opinions of the people, counteracted by a repeal. We have seen that favorite adage “a public debt a public blessing” a principle of those only who are hostile to republican institutions, contradicted in practice, and our public debt diminished twenty four millions in the course of your administration. Eight per cent loans we have seen contracted for without any object but to increase our debt—thus silently imitating the example of all corrupt governments.—attaching to the rulers the rich and the oppulent by pecuniary views—the most corrupt of all ties.—These, under another administration, have been superceded by the ordinary source of revenue—government supported—tribute renounced—territory and population increased, and debt rapidly diminishing.

We offer no adulatory praise; we dedicate no fulsome pangyric.—But, as countrymen, anxious for the prosperity and happiness of the nation, we cannot forbear calling upon you to relinquish the idea of retirement from our councils. Exertion in the cause of liberty from your youth up, your wisdom and experience, give your country a claim upon the continuation of your services. Those foreign relations and local factions which at present partially disturb us, demand a Chief Magistrate possessed of the love and confidence of the people—We, therefore, expect from you, Sir, that the public good will outweigh all private considerations, and that you will accept our suffrages and support, and again preside over a people happy under your administration.

Apollos Cooper, Chn.

Saml. Dill, Secy.

DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.

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