Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from John O’Neill, 6 October 1806

Baltimore 6th Octr. 1806.


Having from time to time latterly saw inserted in the public Newspapers Communications of an acrimonious Nature, And indeed levelled against the Diplomatic & Private Character of the Marquis de Cassa Yrujo the Spanish M: Plenipotentiary from the Court of Madrid & what is still worse is attributed to him that he has more than once made use of insolent & inflammatory language to your Excellency this however is best known to your Excellency. If Such treatment has been shewed you, you are no doubt apprised of the cause which should Occasion such unusual deviations from that necessary conduct & s[. . .]ly decorum which is but the indispensable duty of every Diplomatic Agent from foreign Courts. On their Mission in this Country if there fore such unwarranted conduct has been made use of by the Spanish Minister to your Excellency without legal cause & in such case it should become no [. . .] from a foreign Court to take these liberties whilst the Cheif or Sovereign of the Nation from which such Agents had been sent were only responsible for the Conduct of its O[fficers] in this or any other Nation which is understood to be Governed by a regular System of Goverment. Should you there fore act up to the general Opinion of suitible & impartial men that is to say if such has been the Conduct of the Marquis de Cassa Yrujo & that his private as well as public Character is from the general Opinion in [. . .]ed of him [. . .] & beneath that of a Gentleman filling an important Communication Station. as a Minister from a Powerful & respectable Nation. It most assuredly falls to the duty of the Cheif of the Executive Authority of this respectable Nation with all his goodness of heart & Consideration as to the Well being of Mankind in Other re[gions] as well as in America. to insist on the Goverment of his Country to immedately recall him & his [Suite]. Another being more deserable & in Call of denial to Order him hence & Should he make use of any indecorous language not becoming the the majesty of a foreign nation toward the Executive Authority of the American Nation. to insist of the Goverment of his Nation for that necessary satisfaction. I am again about seek Miss Patterson, at her Country house for the last time the Baltimoreans have kept me in Gaol. as [. . .] ending this morning & they also had the politeness to honour me with fetters. but I trust when these vessels Suit out by My Father B[. . .] receives their instructions signed by your Excellency next April, by the advice of Congress that there will be little interruption to my departure to france in One of the Seventy fours Off Annapolis And I entertain but little fear but that the Ship that I Shall embark in will be Match enough for One of the Same Metal belonging to great Britain if not ’will forfeit my head for a Shaving block to the [. . .] his Britannic Majesty So Called. I am with due respect

Your Excellencis Mo. Obt

Jno: O’Neill

DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.

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