Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Hugh Nelson, 4 March 1820

Washington March 4th 1820


Presuming that you feel a deep Interest in the decision of the question which of late so much agitated the Country, I doubt-not- a brief statement of its Issue will be agreable—on Friday last, The 2d Int it was finally settled between the two Houses. The Reslution on Missouri as a state was rejected and also on the Country south of 36° 30′ which lies east of Arkansas—but on the country west of the State of Missouri and north of this line of latitude, which is altogether unsettled and over which the Indian Title still exists, as you know, they persevered in asserting that this restriction should be imposed. In House Rep. the Majority was in favour of the entire reslution—over the state as well as the unsettled Territory—In the Senate the majority was against restricting the State, but had no doubt of the right of restricting the Territory—The result has been the exemption of Missouri & of Arkansa and all the Territory South of the line of Latitude mentioned—Thus has ended this momentous question, which seemed to threaten most seriously the existence of the Union and the continuance of the Peace of the Country—With a day’s rest I trust we shall regain our good humour and proceed to transact the business of the Country, which for seven weeks past has been almost out of view—

Accept the tender of my respects and allow me to subscribe my self yr obedt subjt

Hugh Nelson

The Bill for admission of Missouri is still with the President unsigned The Maine Bill was signed on Friday

MHi: Coolidge Collection.

Index Entries