Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Pseudonym: "Franklin", 28 January 1819

Kentucky 28 Janry 1819

To all the Western Citizeens

You all remember when Jefferson purchased Louisiana, the Hue in Cry the yankey federalist raisd against it forgiving such a enormous Sum as fifteen Million Dolls for it, Scouting the Idea, it being so large wild a Teretory enlarging our bounds, so as to endanger a Dissolution of the Union, And that the were Copying after Mother Britton, serving the Nation in debt so as to Create a Enormous National debt, and when the purchase was known, I can Testify the heart felt Joy, that apeard in every Mans countenance, who had made choice of the western world for his Residence and planted his money in the soil,—And what think you now of Eastern, influence or Ignorance, which you please to call it, when that interest are going to give at best one half of the soil of your purchase away without receiving one cent for it, which cost you Seven Million five Hundred Thousand Dollars—you all have seen Don Onis and John Q Adams interchange of Notes on the Subject of the Cession of East and West Florida to us, and Adams for our claims for Speculations on him, And on fixing the boundary line on the west side of Louisiana of the purchase, And you have seen what Onis asks of the Executive, more than two thirds of the purchase that was made by making Mission river the line, the center river, and largest river of the whole purchase. And you see Adams, informs Onis, that in his former Note to him on the subject was so clear and explicite, that it could not bear any other explanation or refutation than it containd, As it was a fact we purchasd the great Missisippi river, with all its branches and all those tributary streams runing into them, and youl all agree that is sound plain doctrine,—And you all know there is four, large branches or Rivers, emptys in, Ohio, Missoura, Arkansaw, and Red river, and the Ohio, the Smaulest of the four, by one half, red river being More than Double its length, and double its water, Now then hand figure to yourselves, setled as you are on each side of the Ohio to its scourse, and Ohio fixd in the chanel of red rever is in, and the title of the fee simple indisputable, what your feeling would be, and how you all would act, If John Q lay his Mandate would lay of all you on the west or northside of the Ohio to Don Onis and Spain, with all its population, then such is the present offer made of the west side of red river, with all its tributary streams runing in, the Division begining at the end of the 32 degree of No Latitude thirty or forty miles above Nachetochus to its scourse, And at present their is 500 families settled 300 miles above on both sides of the river, by this Youl see what a dreadful sacrifice, he is making of National property, as the soil at congress press, will bring ninty to One hundred and fifty Million dolls, and worth fifty floridas; as if the were sunk twenty fathoms under water, it would be a great acquission gaind to us, as it will be a bill of cost to us and a grave to destroy our population, and the soil not worth a cent, there cant be the least necessity to hurry the Cession, as we have it in possession, and sure I am Spain will never take the expence on them again, to maintain the posts. neither does Does Don Onis make any demand on us, as a remuneration for those Floradas. his only object apears to have fixd of the Louisiana sale at the time. The Session is made, and that line at as Great a Distance from the mentioned lines as practicable, and can bully John Q into his measures so as to prevent the [. . .]can population setling near their Vicinity, from the last information I ever could [. . .]or ever pulishd, we purchasd from france all the soil the ever held on the Mexican Gulph, and their is the best information, the were in possession of the mouth of [. . .]norte river, as Original possessers, long before the took possession of New Orleans doth not comn Sence and true policy say, why settle the west Louisiana line to this day, when a few years hence, time will give it us, As spain has Ten the times as much soil, as she can protect, defend, or occupy, by sellers, and europe and all the world can see, the power of Spain, has passd the Rubicon and faling into a state of Non existence—Good Authority asserts to John Qs offer [. . .] from the mouth of the Sabine rever, to the mouth of Resdenorte river will give up more Sugar soil, than ever can be raisd in the Island of Jamaica, in the high State of cultivation—soil much wantd for the consuption of the [. . .], which we have a clear title to—Now after reading thus far, can any of you see Necessity and haste for making this great National sacrifice,—As the west of red rever, can raise Treble the produce, than all the New England State And more than Double the size of either the North or the south side of the Ohio to is scource, Quincy.

Has not John Q a prompter or adviser in making this unprecedented offer and Sacrifice, and who is the Man or Men, who advisd it—perhaps the old Scotch womans, Observation may elucidate it.—being in Cincinnati shortly after the Session of Congress saw the first after Monroes tour to the Eastward—a young buck observed we may soon be keeping looking for Monroe, to eat some of our Western Beaf, and potatoes.

The old woman replyd it will be a long, long, look there, why so he,—dinna yee Zee, how fond of carbs, ousters fish and sichna things suits pallatt bettar,—dinna yee Zee hees tain John Q an [. . .] the fish eater Parnarship, wee him, in they Government, an yeel Zee heel sweam sink wee theme, Aund gin yea dinna find me spaying, true as yeem, sete my Gugement doon, nott wourh a Groate.


Citizeen Jefferson Sir

As I am as old a man as your self, and I see our Ministers, and the Difft state governments going head long to destruction I have above forwardd you a scrawl for your perusal on John Q Adams conduct in his Negociation with Don Onis, in their entercourse and exchange of fortes; put subject of the Flardas Cession and on fixing the West lines of the Louisiana purchase, as youl see the great sacrifice he offers in making the Sabine, and the Red rever, the line of a Devision, Cant you Arrest this offer, by using your enfluence before its carryd into effect. As I mean to publish that note, I forward you, in all our western papers unless I hear from washington its laid Aside.

The state Bank Monia, with the state Bank paper dolls will undoubtly ruin the finance of the nation, and Jeopardize a Dissolution of the Union, if not spedily checkd and arrested—This State bank system of it runs its race, untill it dies a natural death, will sink One hundred times, as much property as the old continental money did, And all this evil has taken place under the Adminstration of two of your own pupills, which it said you have raisd for the express, purpose, and by your influence the were placd in the chair of State, which the have filld in rotation—As Madison and his party puld down the fabrick, the Unitd State bank, that Hambleton had fixd our currency on, and so opend the flood gates of State banks and ruind our Currency, and in Silence altho he must have seen the evil, quite the Chair, without over bearing his Testamoney Against it, to the publick,—And Monroe is equally faulty by his Silence every session in his Speechs Crying peace, peace, and prosperity, when there is Neither in our land, As their is a greatr evil stalking throught [. . .] than if that was One thousand African Lions, let loose unenter, [. . .] Slack of Horses, Cattle, hogs & Sheep, as long as—this swingling false, Spurious unstable state paper dollars, exists a curse equal to a pestilance, Destroying, all faith, entigrity or confidence, between Man and Man, ruining endustry, encouraging the swingling class of the Comunity, ruening the Ignorant and unwary Class—those two mens Administration, if twelve or sixteen years, will sink more properly than One hundred years Administerd as well as your eight was.

I have been Surprisd at your Silence on the Subject, of this great National evil surly its not out of sight to you, And I am afraid Monroes Silence is causd by the next four years race, he has to run that has shut up his eyes, and Mouth as his sees the State bank Monia, rages so generally throughout the Union. Dewitt Clinton, apears to have the most independant Soul, of all the state Govenors, you see he Scouts the State Bank System, and has gave the Alarm in his two last yearly Speeches to the Legislature, I could wish you would think with me, and fix him in your old Chair of state, as I am sure that Neither his eyes or mouth would be shut but would proclaim this worst of evils, and try to halt and arrest it, as the last Legislater of Kentucky by their Late Litter of forty Six independant banks May convince one and all, States cant act with sound Discretion in money Matters, of course ought not to have the powr—I hear some Legall Men say the Unitd State constitution, Deprives the Difft States, to Issue paper money or Issue bills of credit, And say its Ileagal for them to grant or charter a Company, to exercise a power, the dont possess themselves.

This question ought to be laid before the high federal Court and so declare their State charters voyd Now if you can be instrimontal and can find a cure for this great national evil youl render more essential [. . .] than you ever did Since you drew our Declaration of Independance.


DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.

Index Entries