Conveyance of Land Adjoining Carlton by Thomas Jefferson to Trustees of Charles L. Bankhead and Ann C. Bankhead
This indenture tripartite made on the first day of April one thousand eight hundred and fifteen between Thomas Jefferson of the county of Albemarle of the first part, Anne Cary1 Bankhead wife of Charles L. Bankhead and grandaughter of the sd Thomas, of the county of Albemarle also, on the second part, and John Bankhead of the county of Caroline, Thomas Mann Randolph and Reuben Lindsay both of the same county of Albemarle on the third part witnesseth that the said Thomas, in consideration of the natural affection which he beareth to his sd grandaughter Anne Cary Bankhead, and for her advancement and better support in life, and for the further consideration of one Dollar to him in hand paid, hath given granted bargained and sold to the sd John Bankhead, Thomas Mann Randolph, & Reuben Lindsay the following parcels of land in the sd county of Albemarle, lying on the North side of the High mountain adjacent to the lands whereon the sd Charles L. and Anne C. his wife now live, and to those of Robert Sthreshly, to wit, one parcel of forty acres purchased by the sd Thomas of Thomas Wells, one other parcel of sixty one & a quarter acres purchased of Benjamin Brown, and one other parcel adjoining this last, being parcel of a larger tract purchased of Edward Carter deceased, and to be divided from the residue of the sd lands purchased from Carter by a line to begin on the public road leading from the Thorough-fare towards Charlottesville where the lands of the said Charles L. & Anne his wife and those of the sd Thomas corner together on the said road near a large rock adjacent to the sd road, and running thence up the sd High mountain in a direct line which by protraction is South 48. degrees West one hundred and six and a quarter poles to a corner of the sd parcel purchased from Benjamin Brown formed by the meeting of two lines running from the sd corner, the one due North and the other due West, which parcel of the larger tract purchased from Carter contains by protraction twenty nine acres, making the whole of what is now meant to be conveyed about one hundred and thirty acres be the same more or less: to have and to hold the sd tract or parcel of one hundred and thirty acres of land more or less to the sd John Bankhead, Thomas Mann Randolph, & Reuben Lindsay and their heirs for the Uses and Trusts following, that is to say, to be held, possessed, employed, and applied at the discretion and absolute will of the sd John, Thomas M. and Reuben (free from all right of possession, claim, controul or interference of the sd Charles L. or Anne C. or either of them, and from all liability for any debts or contracts past or future of the sd Charles L. or Anne C. or either of them) to the maintenance of the sd Charles L. and Anne C., and the maintenance & education of their children, born or to be born, and, after the death of the sd Anne to convey the same, by way of advancement to such of her children as the sd John, Thomas M. and Reuben shall deem best according to circumstances, and in default of such conveyance, then to remain over to the heirs of the sd Anne Cary in fee simple. and the sd Thomas Jefferson and his heirs the said tract of land hereby conveyed to the sd John Bankhead, Thomas Mann Randolph and Reuben Lindsay and their heirs, for the uses and trusts beforementioned will warrant & defend against all persons claiming from or under him. In witness whereof the said Thomas hath hereto set his hand and seal on the day & year above written.
in presence of
MS (ViU: TJP-AR); on indented paper; in TJ’s hand, signed by TJ, Goodman, Bacon, and Ballard; with TJ’s seal adjacent to his signature and signed attestation by Albemarle County clerk Alexander Garrett at foot of text: “In the Office of the County Court of Albemarle 1st May 1815 This Indenture was acknowledged before me in my office by Thomas Jefferson party thereto & admitted to record according to Law”; endorsed by TJ: “Jefferson to Bankhead et al.} Deed”; beneath endorsement in Garrett’s hand and signed by him: “1st May 1815 acknowledged before me in my office the date above.” Tr (Albemarle Co. Deed Book, 19:322–4); in Garrett’s hand and including his 1 May 1815 attestation.
The tract of land on high mountain, also called Montalto, was adjacent to the Bankheads’ Carlton estate. TJ’s Montalto property included 483 acres purchased of edward carter in 1777 (Albemarle Co. Deed Book, 7:132–3; MB description begins James A. Bear Jr. and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , esp. 1:452; Betts, Farm Book description begins Edwin M. Betts, ed., Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, 1953 (in two separately paginated sections; unless otherwise specified, references are to the second section) description ends , pt. 1, p. 32). Property is said to remain when it is “granted to a person as a remainder” (OED description begins James A. H. Murray, J. A. Simpson, E. S. C. Weiner, and others, eds., The Oxford English Dictionary, 2d ed., 1989, 20 vols. description ends ).
1. Word interlined.
- Albemarle County Court, Va. search
- Bacon, Edmund; witnesses documents search
- Ballard, William; witnesses documents search
- Bankhead, Ann (Anne) Cary Randolph (TJ’s granddaughter; Charles Lewis Bankhead’s wife); children of search
- Bankhead, Ann (Anne) Cary Randolph (TJ’s granddaughter; Charles Lewis Bankhead’s wife); TJ conveys land to search
- Bankhead, Charles Lewis (Ann Cary Randolph Bankhead’s husband); children of search
- Bankhead, Charles Lewis (Ann Cary Randolph Bankhead’s husband); TJ conveys land to search
- Bankhead, John; as trustee of A. C. and C. L. Bankhead search
- Brown, Benjamin; TJ purchases land from search
- Carlton (Bankhead estate); location of search
- Carlton (Bankhead estate); road to search
- Carter, Edward; TJ purchases land from search
- Garrett, Alexander; as Albemarle Co. clerk search
- Goodman, Rolin; witnesses documents search
- Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Conveyance of Land Adjoining Carlton by Thomas Jefferson to Trustees of Charles L. Bankhead and Ann C. Bankhead search
- Lindsay, Reuben; as trustee of Bankheads search
- Montalto (part of TJ’s Monticello estate) search
- Monticello (TJ’s estate); public roads to search
- Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828) (TJ’s son-in-law; Martha Jefferson Randolph’s husband); as trustee of Bankheads search
- roads; in Albemarle Co. search
- Sthreshly, Robert B.; property of search
- Wells, Thomas; TJ purchases land from search