From Joseph Dougherty
Washington City Feb. 15th 1815
Thinking that I might profit by being employd to superintend the1 bringing your library to Washington: I offered my Services to the library committe—who asked me what I would ask to bring it—to which I could not give a satisfactory answer before I heard from you.
will you Sir do me the favour to Say; how many waggons in your opinion would be required to bring the books—whether any waggons could be procured in your neighbourhood—whether boxes: or plank to make boxs can be had there—how many days a waggon could travel it in—and how many boxes; and what the probable cost.
waggoners ask 8 dollars per day.
As the library committe, as also myself, will be guided by the contents of your letter to me: will you please Sir to write me as Soon as you can make it convenient.
RC (DLC); endorsed by TJ as received 23 Feb. 1815 and so recorded in SJL. RC (DLC); address cover only; with PoC of TJ to Joseph Milligan, 27 Feb. 1815, on verso; addressed: “Thos Jefferson Esqr Late President of the U.S. Monticello”; franked; postmarked Washington, 15 Feb.
On hearing that President James Madison had approved $4 per day to cover Dougherty’s expenditures in bringing TJ’s library to Washington, D.C., Dougherty submitted an estimate of his daily “traveling expences”: hiring of horses, $1.25; breakfast, 50 cents; dinner, 75 cents; supper and lodging, 75 cents; and four gallons of oats and hay, 87½ cents, for a total of $4.12½ per day. He added that “To go the upper road to monticello—being a Country rout; the above charges would, perhaps, be considerably lessened” (Dougherty to Samuel H. Smith, 28 Mar. 1815 [DLC: J. Henley Smith Papers]). Madison agreed to a per diem of $5 in light of Dougherty’s estimate, although he considered it too high. If Dougherty asked for still more, Madison suggested that someone else could probably be hired, but added that if no one suitable could be found for $5 he would go as high as $6 for Dougherty, to whom he was inclined to give “the preference” (Madison to Smith, 8 Apr. 1815 [NNGL, on deposit NHi]). Dougherty accepted the offer of $5 per day (Dougherty’s Note on the Transportation of TJ’s Library, 11 Apr. 1815 [DLC: J. Henley Smith Papers]).
Madison submitted the treaty ending the War of 1812 to the United States Senate on 15 Feb. 1815, but it adjourned (adj) for the day with the matter still under consideration. The upper house unanimously ratified the treaty on the following day (JEP description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States description ends , 2:618–20).
1. Manuscript: “the the.”
2. Dougherty here canceled “without.”
- Dougherty, Joseph; and transportation of TJ’s library search
- Dougherty, Joseph; letters from search
- fodder; for horses search
- Ghent, Treaty of (1814); ratification of search
- Great Britain; peace with search
- hay search
- horses; cost to hire search
- horses; fodder for search
- Library of Congress; and library committees of Congress search
- Library of Congress; transportation of TJ’s books to Washington search
- Madison, James (1751–1836); and transportation of TJ’s library search
- oats; as fodder search
- oats; price of search
- Senate, U.S.; ratifies Treaty of Ghent (1814) search
- wagons; and transportation of TJ’s library search