Thomas Jefferson Papers

Recommendation of John Neilson, 7 August 1812

Recommendation of John Neilson

The bearer hereof Mr John Neilson, a house Joiner by trade worked for me at Monticello some years. I can assure those who may have occasion to employ him that he is perfectly acquainted with the orders of Architecture, and the most approved stile of finishing both inside and outside work. is equal in the execution of it to any workman in America, draws well and is a complete master of his business in all its parts. he is moreover perfectly honest sober & correct in his deportment

Given under my hand at Monticello this the 7th day of August 1812

Th: Jefferson

Tr (DNA: RG 42, LRSCW); filed with TJ to Thomas Munroe, 4 Mar. 1815; at foot of text: “True Copy.”

John Neilson (ca. 1775–1827), master builder, was banished from his native Ireland under suspicion of involvement in the 1798 rebellion against British rule. He soon came to Philadelphia and worked there as a laborer and carpenter. TJ employed him at Monticello in 1804, thus beginning Neilson’s long working relationship with James Dinsmore. In April 1809 James Madison hired them to begin renovations at Montpellier, where Neilson remained until it neared completion in 1813. Two years later TJ unsuccessfully recommended him as “an honest, sober, and excellent” choice for public reconstruction work at Washington. Neilson and Dinsmore were working in Petersburg in 1817, when TJ hired them to work on the fledgling University of Virginia. Neilson was the master builder for Pavilions IX, X, and seven dormitories. He assisted Dinsmore on the design for the Rotunda and Anatomical Hall and executed numerous drawings and plans, most notably the drawing used in Peter Maverick’s 1822 and 1825 engravings of the layout of the university. Neilson worked from 1817 to 1820 at Bremo, John Hartwell Cocke’s Fluvanna County estate. He settled in Charlottesville, where he built several houses, including his own. At his death Neilson’s personal estate was valued at about $7,436, including eleven slaves and a sizable library. The proceeds from the estate went to his widow and other family members in northern Ireland (Lay, Architecture description begins K. Edward Lay, The Architecture of Jefferson Country: Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia, 2000 description ends , 96, 97, 98–9; Richard R. Madden, The United Irishmen: Their Lives and Times, 2d ser. [1858], 1:336–8; Naturalization certificate, 28 Sept. 1804 [Philadelphia City Archives]; James Robinson, The Philadelphia Directory, City and County Register for 1802 [Philadelphia, 1802], 181; Robinson, The Philadelphia Directory for 1804 [Philadelphia, 1804], 170; Richard Charles Cote, “The Architectural Workmen of Thomas Jefferson in Virginia,” 2 vols. [Ph.D. diss., Boston University, 1986]; TJ to Madison, 19 Apr. 1809; TJ to Munroe, 4 Mar. 1815; TJ to Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 11 May 1815; TJ to Neilson, 11 Apr. 1816; TJ to Dinsmore, 13 Apr. 1817; MB description begins James A. Bear Jr. and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends ; Articles of Agreement between Cocke, Dinsmore, and Neilson, 23 Dec. 1817 [ViU: Cocke Family Papers]; TJ to Arthur S. Brockenbrough, 12 Mar. 1823; Albemarle Co. Will Book, 9:205–6, 269–80).

On 10 Sept. 1812 Neilson obtained a similar testimonial from Madison, who described him as “unusually skilfull in his profession” and “very faithfull” in his work (Tr in DNA: RG 42, LRSCW, filed with TJ to Munroe, 4 Mar. 1815; printed in Madison, Papers description begins William T. Hutchinson, Robert A. Rutland, John C. A. Stagg, and others, eds., The Papers of James Madison, 1962– , 31 vols.  Congress. Ser., 17 vols.  Pres. Ser., 6 vols.  Sec. of State Ser., 8 vols description ends , Pres. Ser., 5:299).

Index Entries

  • Dinsmore, James; works with J. Neilson search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Correspondence; letters of application and recommendation from search
  • Madison, James; recommendations by search
  • Neilson (Nelson), John; identified search
  • Neilson (Nelson), John; TJ recommends search
  • patronage; letters of application and recommendation from TJ search