From Thomas D. Williams
Lansingburgh (N.Y.) Augt 8th 1810—
Altho’ you are retired from the noise & bustle of public business, still I presume you behold with anxious eye the laudable exertions of every class of Citizens, to render their domestic commerce & manufactures more extensive; & you look forward in anxious expectation of that glorious time when we shall be able to defy the belligerent nations of Europe, & to declare ourselves totally independent of all foreign commercial relations, and, our utter determination to relinquish all such pursuits, unless we can enjoy them independent of the tariffs & restrictions of the haughty monopolizers of the Eastern Continent. To hasten this much wished for event, I, an humble peasant, with patriotic zeal, will contribute my mite—To connect the States of the Union, & especially these of the North & Eastern part, in lasting ties of domestic commerce, & render them as it were mutually dependent on each other for subsistence, is an object, not unworthy the attention of the most enlightened Statesman. The suggestion of the practicability of such an undertaking is the object of this short communication. The manner in which I suppose & confidently believe it might be accomplished, is by opening a communication between the Connecticut & Hudson rivers, by means of a Canal, leading from the former into a stream called Hoosick River, which empties into the Hudson. This plan at first view by many would be at once pronounced absurd & prepostirous, & I a mad enthusiastic fool. Such treatment is the best that one can expect in this age of bigotry & Superstition. But in the face of a contradicting world I dare pronounce it not only possible, but from the surveys that I have taken of the Country, the aforesaid Hoosick River & the situation of the two rivers,1 the Connecticut & Hudson, with respect to the elevation of the former above the latter, that it may be accomplished with very little expence, in comparison to the innumerable advantages which would arise from it: the immense source of wealth & the indisoluble bonds of Friendship between the States of New Hamshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut & New York, of which, should it be carried into execution, it will be productive. It is not my intention, at present, to make a disclosure of the result of any of my surveys; but should I succeed in procuring the patronage of some men of character & influence, I will then make such a statement of the Country & circumstances attending the prosecution of the proposed plan as I have been able to ascertain in the course of my feeble efforts—Having been unsuccesful, in two or three applications to men whom I considered men of Spirit and2 patriotism, but whose names from certain considerations of a delicate nature, I forbear to disclose, is the reason of this application to your Honor for support in an undertaking which I consider laudable3 and greatly conducive to the Interest of my Country. By the insiduous attempts lately made by the base wretches under the influence of ___ gold, to divide the Union, the expediency of such a commercial communication is amply demonstrated—Without saying any thing farther on the subject, I shall request you to turn your attention towards it some leisure moment, and I am persuaded you will soon become convinced of the importance of the undertaking—
Thomas D4 Williams
RC (CSmH: JF-BA); addressed: “Thomas Jefferson Esqr Late President &ca &c Monticello—Va”; franked and postmarked; endorsed by TJ as received 19 Aug. 1810 and so recorded in SJL.
1. Manuscript: “rives.”
2. Manuscript: “a.”
3. Manuscript: “lauble.”
4. A superscripted second letter of middle name is illegible.