From James Maury
Liverpool 25th March 1809
I beg leave to congratulate you on your return to Monticello & hope you there enjoy that comfort in retirement which you had contemplated.
I think the laws of the United States exempt from the expence of postage those who have served the high office you so lately filled: I therefore sent you a few days ago a packet of Newspapers: since the date of which the Duke of York has resigned.
Annexed are the prices of our produce. Cotton greatly fallen, in consequence of a considerable decrease in consumpt;—aided by the arrival of more than thirty cargoes within the district of this Consulate since the commencement of last month: and this too in American vessells direct from ports of the United States. I however hope & trust that, when the late additional Embargo restrictions shall have taken place, such violations of the law will cease.
The orders of council of this countrey & blockading decrees of France statu quo &, for the present, I see no prospect of change.
The death of that good man whom you so invariably & so affectionately mentioned in the letters you have, from time to time, honored me with, has indeed afflicted me greatly. It could not be otherwise for such a brother; but he had lived long & when I consider how, well may I say “let my last end be like his.” I present you my best wishes and am
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RC (DLC); at foot of text: “His Excellency Thomas Jefferson &C &C Monticello”; endorsed by TJ as received 18 June 1809 and so recorded in SJL.
James Maury (1746–1840), merchant and American consul at Liverpool, 1790–1829, was TJ’s lifelong friend and regular correspondent, having been a classmate with TJ at the Albemarle County school of his father, the Reverend James Maury (Anne Fontaine Maury, ed., Intimate Virginiana: A Century of Maury Travels by Land and Sea , 1–21, 319).
Frederick Augustus, duke of york and Albany and the second son of George III, resigned as commander-in-chief of the British army when it was revealed that his mistress, Mary Anne Clarke, had taken money in exchange for promises to use her influence over the duke to obtain military promotions (DNB description begins Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, eds., Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1901, 22 vols. description ends ). that good man, Maury’s recently deceased brother Matthew Maury, succeeded his father as rector of Fredericksville Parish in Louisa County, taught a school attended by TJ’s nephew Dabney Carr, officiated at Monticello marriages and funerals, and received an annual contribution from TJ (Woods, Albemarle description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. 1991 description ends , 268–9; William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia , 2:44; MB description begins James A. Bear Jr. and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends ).
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