Notes on Governing Louisiana
[on or after 8 Nov. 1803]
Hospital provision for
administration of justice to be prompt.
shipping to be naturalised.
Slaves, importation of
religion support of it to be explained.
Ursuline Nuns. their landed property secured.
debts from Spain to the inhabitants. 500,000. D
the powers of the Administrator, Treasurer & Contador
to be exercised by Collector of Natchez.
power to suppress useless offices,
to suspend all officers
to appoint necessary officers.
MS (DLC: TJ Papers, 137:23684); undated, but see below; entirely in TJ’s hand.
TJ wrote these notes after seeing Gallatin’s letter of 8 Nov. and the materials from Daniel Clark. For the first four items in TJ’s list—from the notation about the hospital through the one on importation of slaves—see his reply to Gallatin on 9 Nov.
support of it to be explained: according to Clark’s answers to TJ’s queries on Louisiana and other information that the administration probably received through Clark, the province’s bishop, canons, and parish priests received salaries from the government and allowances for chapel expenses (Terr. Papers description begins Clarence E. Carter and John Porter Bloom, eds., The Territorial Papers of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1934-75, 28 vols. description ends , 9:41; An Account of Louisiana, Being an Abstract of Documents, in the Offices of the Departments of State, and of the Treasury [Washington, D.C., 1803; Shaw-Shoemaker description begins Ralph R. Shaw and Richard H. Shoemaker, comps., American Bibliography: A Preliminary Checklist for 1801-1819, New York, 1958-63, 22 vols. description ends , No. 5196], 36).
About 10 or 12 ursuline nuns, described as “all French,” lived in the order’s convent at New Orleans. Previously, about the same number of “Spanish ladies belonging to the order” had resided there also, but they had all gone to Havana when they thought that Louisiana would be coming under the control of France. The nuns ran a boarding school for young women and received rental income on about a thousand acres of land attached to the convent (same, 36-7).
debts from spain to the inhabitants: Clark reported that inhabitants of Louisiana and U.S. merchants in the province held certificates totaling about 450,000 Spanish dollars for government salaries, payments owed to workers, and purchases of supplies. The provincial treasury did not have the cash to pay those obligations, but Clark understood that the money might be obtained from Veracruz (Terr. Papers description begins Clarence E. Carter and John Porter Bloom, eds., The Territorial Papers of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1934-75, 28 vols. description ends , 9:44).