Thomas Jefferson Papers
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II. Table on Party Affiliation of Federal Officeholders in the States, before 11 July 1803

II. Table on Party Affiliation of Federal Officeholders in the States

[before 11 July 1803]

Massachu2 R. Island3 Connecticut4 Vermont5 New
Pennsylva Delaware Maryland7 Virginia8 N. Carola9 S. Carola Georgia Tennissee10 Kentucky Ohio
r f r f r f
Collectors 1 10 1 12 1 2 2 2 1 3 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 8 5 1 8 2 4 3 2 3 1 1
Naval Officers 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Surveyors 1 1 1 5 3 6 1 5 3 1 1 2 3 2 6 8 9 1 1
<Mstr rev. cuttr.> <1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1>
<mates of do> <1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1>
District Atties 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
Marshals 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Commrs. loans 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

MS (DLC: TJ Papers, 133:22993); undated; entirely in TJ’s hand; on a vertically lined, thin sheet of paper; three blank categories are not reproduced above; at some point, TJ canceled the categories for revenue cutter officers as indicated by the italicized text and numerals in angle brackets; other emendations made by TJ, sometimes in pencil, after receiving comments by Gallatin (see Document VI and notes below).

TJ evidently began this table early in his efforts to determine the number of Republicans and Federalists in public office, and he continued to update it. After entering categories for land surveyors and land office receivers and registers, he decided that those officers were connected with the territories and not the states; he canceled and transferred them to his tabulation of federal officers in the general government (see Document IV). They are not entered above. In the end, TJ also canceled the categories of masters and mates of revenue cutters, but not before he had made entries under the states and, subsequently, included some of the information in his tally of officeholders in Document III. The president appointed the officers on revenue cutters, but they did not require Senate confirmation and, therefore, did not meet all of TJ’s requirements for inclusion.

Before TJ made the emendations as indicated in the notes below, he used this table to establish the total number of Republican, neutral, and Federalist officeholders by state in Document III. TJ updated the table, above, to its final form after receiving Gallatin’s notes (Document VI), but he did not change the state tallies in Document III. This accounts for many of the discrepancies between the two documents. For instance, in Document III, TJ records that there are six Republicans and six Federalists in office in Rhode Island. In Document II, above, in response to Gallatin’s comments, TJ emended the number of Federalist surveyors to six, increasing the Federalist total to 11. TJ included the revenue cutter officers at several states, indicating that he retained the entries for masters and mates until later in the process.

district atties: states were usually a single district for U.S. attorneys in 1803. In the table above, Massachusetts has two district attorneys because it included the District of Maine; Maryland has two because TJ decided to include the Potomac District under the state. At the time, Tennessee was divided into eastern and western districts. The same applied to marshals in the entries above (Vol. 33:671, 676; Vol. 37:608-9).

1 At the New Hampshire entry, TJ added the “1” in pencil in the Republican column at “Mstr rev. cuttr.” and the “1” at mates. In the Federalist column, he altered, perhaps in pencil, a “2” to “1” at master; the “1” in ink at mates is canceled with pencil strokes.

2At Massachusetts, TJ interlined “10” in place of an illegible number in the Republican column for collectors. In the Federalist column he altered the “11” to “12.” At the district attorney entry, TJ may have altered a “2” in the Republican column to a “1” and added the “1” in the Federalist column after Gallatin noted that Silas Lee, U.S. attorney for the District of Maine, was a Federalist (see Document VI).

3At Rhode Island, TJ altered the number of surveyors in the Federalist column from an illegible numeral to “6.”

4At Connecticut, TJ altered the number of surveyors in the Federalist column, probably from a “4” to a “5.”

5At Vermont, TJ erased the number in the Federalist column at commissioner of loans.

6At New York, TJ altered the number of collectors in the Federalist column from an illegible number to “1.” At the same time he may have added the “1” in the neutral column.

7 At Maryland, TJ probably altered the political affiliation of the five surveyors, adding “2” to the Republican column and altering the “5” in the Federalist column to a “3.” TJ evidently decided to add the U.S. attorney and marshal from the Potomac district to the Maryland tally, adding “1” to the Republican column for district attorney and altering the number of Republican marshals from “1” to “2.”

8At Virginia, TJ altered the number of collectors from an illegible numeral to “5” in the Republican column; added a “1,” in pencil, in the neutral column; and altered the “6” to an “8” in the Federalist column.

9At North Carolina, TJ altered the number of surveyors in the Republican and Federalist columns by overwriting indecipherable numerals in ink.

10At marshals under this state, TJ partially erased the “2” in the Republican column and added a “1” in the neutral column. He forgot to enter a “1” over the erasure. In Documents III and VI, both TJ and Gallatin entered “4” Republicans at the tally of Tennessee officeholders.

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