Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Joseph Yznardi, Sr., 9 July 1803

From Joseph Yznardi, Sr.

Cadiz 9th. July 1803—


The verry moment I arrived on this side of the Water last Year, I did myself the honour taking the liberty of advising your Excelly. how very Sensible I was & ever will be to the very Kind attentions & favours I received & meritted from your goodness; requesting the continuation of your Kind protection, without doubting of the faithfull compliance in the duty of my office.—

In my Journey to Madrid I have given evident proofs, as Mr. Graham can acertain your Excelly. in every case that presented, & particularly in the affair of New Orleans; influencing with the Prince & State Minister to send the Vessel of War to give Satisfaction to the just complaints of that Governmt; I also obtained to obviate from the Council the wrong information which they had respecting Quarenteens; and notwithstanding that I do not appear with Public honours nor distinctions, I expect meritorious recompenses for my Conduct in the several Commissions that the King has put under my direction.

I most cordialy congratulate your Excelly. on the happy event of the great Negociations of Mr. Monroe, on which happy issue & in celebration; I on the 4th. inst. gave a Dinner to all the Americans that were in Bay & in this City; reading to them what the Inclosed Paper mentions, as cordial Sentiments of my own; & which I beg that your Excelly. will pardon the Liberty I take in communicating the same; & allthough so very far distant I never will forget the merit I profess your Excy.

Inclosed I hand your Excy. some Gibraltar Chronicles which shews the rancour that exists against France, & likewise Copy of the violation made by the English on the Spanish Terrotory, from which we may suppose that the Spanish neutrality will not last long. Last month I forwarded per Duplicate via Salem & Baltimore the proofs against Israel, in favour of the unjust lawsuit that he carrys on against me in the Court of Philada. which I most earnestly request of your Excy. to have present my Innocence—& to command without reserve—

Sir—Your Excellencys—Most obedt. & most hble. Servt.

Josef Yznardy

RC (DLC); in a clerk’s hand, signed by Yznardi; at foot of text: “To His Excellency. Thomas Jefferson President of the United States of America—Washington”; endorsed by TJ as received 5 Sep. and so recorded in SJL. Enclosures: (1) Address expressing the gratitude of America “to Divine Providence,” signed “J.Y.”; noting that after 28 years of independence the population of the United States has doubled, and the last census shows that the increase is largely due to births rather than immigration; Americans can “with manly pride reflect upon our envious State of Prosperity”; he lauds the acquisition of Louisiana, “by which our Agriculture & Navigation will undoubtedly encrease to the astonishment of all the World,” and commends “the Wisdom & Conduct of our actual Administration who has accomplished this grand object, at an expence, which compared to the numerous advantages we shall derive from it, is so very inconsiderable, that it is scarce worth mentioning”; also praising “the able Negociator”—Monroe—“who to serve his Country, left his Seat of quiet, to cross the troubled Occean, & appear at a Court, where he had before been a favourite Minister to exert his Patriotism in the advantages of his Country”; he expresses gratitude that on “this Memorable Day” of celebration, the United States is “free from the Clashing of Arms, which is now again about to involve all Europe in Blood & Slaughter” (Tr in same, in a clerk’s hand; Tr in same, unsigned, in a clerk’s hand, in Spanish, expressing the same sentiments). (2) List of 11 toasts given at the dinner at Yznardi’s house on 4 July; the third toast is to TJ, “The friend of Man: May we esteem his virtues as freemen, but not adulate him as slaves,” and the eighth is to “The tree of liberty: planted by Franklin, cultivated by Washington and preserved by Jefferson” (Tr in same, in a clerk’s hand). (3) Extract, likely from the Gibraltar Chronicle, dated Gibraltar, 4 July, announcing that a British sloop of war captured two French vessels that were at anchor near a Spanish fort; although this regretful incident could lead to war between Britain and Spain if the prizes are not returned, “the question must be decided by the Admiralty” (Tr in same, in a clerk’s hand). Other enclosures not found.

In August 1801, TJ appointed John graham to be secretary of the U.S. legation in Madrid (Vol. 35:189, 190n).

Manuel Godoy was the prince, Pedro Cevallos the state minister (Vol. 38:207n; Yznardi to TJ, 4 Apr.).

to send the vessel of war: for the dispatch of a Spanish brig to the United States with news of the restoration of the right of deposit at New Orleans, see TJ to DeWitt Clinton, 22 Apr.

chronicles: the Gibraltar Chronicle began publication in May 1801. The newspaper published news items and advertisements and served as the printing shop of the British garrison at Gibraltar (Jason R. Musteen, Nelson’s Refuge: Gibraltar in the Age of Napoleon [Annapolis, Md., 2011], 29, 59, 194n; Stephen Constantine, Community and Identity: The Making of Modern Gibraltar since 1704 [Manchester, Eng., 2009], 19, 59, 81).

For the prolonged dispute between Yznardi and shipmaster Joseph israel, see Vol. 36:4, 5, 6n; Vol. 37:80–1, 306–7; Vol. 38:206–7.

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