Thomas Jefferson Papers

Statement of Account with Edward Gantt, 20 November 1802

Statement of Account with Edward Gantt

The President in Acct. with Edwd. Gantt for medical Services rendered to the following Persons

March 22. To Ursula 15
To her Child from April 2nd. to May 13th 1 12 6
To Betsy Severman, Attendance & Medicine from June 2nd. to 20th. 7 15
To Door Keeper 7 6
To Coachman’s Child 7 6
To Lithe 2 6
To Mr. le Mar Attendance twice a Day with Medicine Septr. 15 to 28 8 19 4
To yourself 1 15 9
To J Dougherty Attendance & Medicine from Octr. 12 to Novr. 20th 2 16 3
To Betsy Severman Attendance & Medicine from Octr 20 to Nov 2 5 15
To Joseph Dougherty from Novr. 4th. to 5th 1 1 3
To Abraham 2 6
To Captn Lewis 1 2 6
£ 32 15 7

MS (DLC); in Gantt’s hand; endorsed by TJ: “Gantt Dr.”

For TJ’s slave ursula Hughes and her child, see TJ to Martha Jefferson Randolph, 18 June 1802. They had returned to Monticello in July 1802 (Vol. 38: Appendix IV).

Betsy Süverman (severman) and her husband, footman John Christoph Süverman, had left TJ’s service on 4 June 1802 (Vol. 34:489n; Vol. 37:536).

door keeper: probably William Fitzjames (Lucia Stanton, “‘A Well-Ordered Household’: Domestic Servants in Jefferson’s White House,” White House History, 17 [Winter 2006], 13; Vol. 37:492n).

coachman’s child: probably a child of TJ’s coachman Joseph Dougherty and his wife Mary, who also worked at the President’s House (Vol. 34:566n). The child has not been identified by the Editors, but might be the one mentioned in Étienne Lemaire’s letter to TJ of 17 Aug. 1802, who died on 14 Aug.

lithe: possibly Alethia (Lethe) Browning Tanner, an enslaved woman who operated a produce stand near the President’s House, which TJ patronized. She reputedly worked for a time at the President’s House during TJ’s administration. Tanner purchased her freedom in 1810 with the assistance of Joseph Dougherty. She later freed several members of her family and became a leading member of antebellum Washington’s free black community (Constance McLaughlin Green, The Secret City: A History of Race Relations in the Nation’s Capital [Princeton, 1967], 16; Letitia Woods Brown, Free Negroes in the District of Columbia, 1790–1846 [New York, 1972], 100, 117, 207n; Special Report of the Commissioner of Education on the Condition and Improvement of Public Schools in the District of Columbia [Washington, D.C., 1871], 196–7).

abraham: Abraham Golden, personal servant to Meriwether Lewis (Vol. 37:442n).

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