Baltimore 20 April 1802
In our former presidents administration there was days appointed by that Honourable Gentleman for fasting & Prayer and which was observed as such throughout the whole continent; It is with extreem Reluctance that I must say, that nothing Similar to this has ever occurred Since Your administration, I am at a loss Sir to know what Your objections can be to Such a Step, is it because it is a religious one, I think not, It must be then that you have forgot that Such a thing is Servicable to Society—reflect My dear Sir for only one moment, and Your own Good Sence will readily convince you of the impropriety of forgetting such an Important object of Neglect,1 it is attended by many evil Consequences—In the first place, any person whom have not the honour of Your acquaintance, would readily Suppose that the eroneous misrepresentations which are in Circulation in regard to your Religious principals, are too well founded, this is a thing of the greatest Importance to you, therefore loose No time in Convincing the World, that this report has arrose from Naught—
RC (DLC); at head of text: “The Honble The President of the United States”; endorsed by TJ as received from “Anon.” on 22 Apr. and “fast days &c” and so recorded in SJL, but as a letter of 10 Apr.
FASTING & PRAYER: George Washington issued national days of thanksgiving during his administration. As president, John Adams issued two days of “solemn humiliation, fasting, and prayer” in 1798 and 1799. TJ expressed his opposition to national fast days in his draft reply to the Danbury Baptist Association, 1 Jan. 1802 (Charles Ellis Dickson, “Jeremiads in the New American Republic: The Case of National Fasts in the John Adams Administration,” New England Quarterly, 60 , 188, 191; James D. Richardson, ed., A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–1908, 11 vols. [New York, 1908], 1:268–70, 284–6; Vol. 36:254–6).
1. Preceding two words interlined.