Thomas Jefferson Papers

From Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Newton, 9 November 1801

To Thomas Newton

Washington Nov. 9. 1801.

Dear Sir

An extraordinary press of business has prevented my sooner acknoleging the reciept of your favor of Oct. 16. the articles from New Orleans were safely recieved, and I now with thankfulness inclose the 20 D. 75 c you had been so kind as to pay on that account. a few days before my return to this place two other pipes of Brazil wine had come to hand. this is the first occasion I have had to acknolege their reciept.   I am particularly obliged to you for having thought of me in the article of cyder. nothing is more desired generally than fine Hughes’s crab cyder. about 60. doz. bottles would probably be about a year’s supply. if you have in Norfolk, as they have in Philadelphia, persons who make a trade of bottling, perhaps it might be safer to have it bottled there & moved in bottles. but if it will come without fermentation or injury in the casks, and as safe from being drank & watered, we can have it bottled here. this would give us earlier use of it. I much wish mr Carrol may be able to furnish the whole quantity.

Though we have nothing but the newspaper account of Sterritt’s having captured the Tripolitan, yet it comes under hopeful appearances. I wish it true the rather as it may encourage the legislature to throw off the whole of that Barbary yoke. we could easily confederate 3. or 4. other nations who, dividing the cruising season with us, would relieve us from a great portion, & yet keep that sea under constant guard. a few years would destroy every vessel those states have, & they have no materials within themselves for building a single one. Accept my best wishes & affectionate esteem & respect.

Th: Jefferson

PrC (DLC); at foot of text: “Colo. Thomas Newton”; endorsed by TJ in ink on verso. Enclosure not found, but see below.

In his personal financial memoranda on this day, TJ recorded his enclosure of $20.75 to reimburse Newton for freight charges (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1058). On the recent delivery of Brazil quality Madeira Wine to TJ in Washington, see Newton to TJ, 25 Sep.

On 6 Nov., the National Intelligencer printed an account, published in New York’s American Citizen and General Advertiser on 3 Nov., that Lieutenant Andrew Sterett, commander of the American schooner Enterprize, captured a Tripolitan corsair. After a three-hour battle near Malta on 1 Aug., more than half of the Tripolitan crew was killed or wounded, while the Enterprize did not sustain a single casualty. After taking possession, Sterett dismantled the corsair, then returned it to Tripoli. The Enterprize arrived 15 Nov. at Baltimore. In recognition of the victory, Congress authorized the presentation of a sword to Sterett and one month’s extra pay for his crew (NDBW description begins Dudley W. Knox, ed., Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers, Washington, D.C., 1939–44, 6 vols. and Register of Officer Personnel and Ships’ Data, 1801–1807, Washington, D.C., 1945 description ends , 1:537–40; Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser, 16 Nov.).

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