Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Col. William Fleming, 19 January 1781

From Col. William Fleming

Botetourt Jany. 19. 1781


I wrote Your Excellence from Colo. Mosebys intimating my desire to visit my Family, during the recess of Council. On my way home I met by accident with the Inclosed, from Martin. Colo. Arthur Campbels progress in the Cherokee Nation, Your Excellency will have an Account of before this reaches you. I wish it may be attended with a good effect. The burning of their huts, and destruction of their corn, will I fear make the whole Nation Our irreconciliable Enemies, and force them for Sustenance to live altogether by depredation on our frontiers, or make an open Junction with our Foes, as the loss they have sustained in Men is little or nothing. The Waggoner who took up the Salt to Washington County brings down a Chest of Arms, containing thirty four Firelocks that want repairing, with Six that are in order, retained for the use of the Militia makes up the compliment of Arms committed to my care. I have the Honr to be Your Excellencys, Most Obt. Humble Servt,

Willm. Fleming

RC (Vi); addressed and endorsed. Enclosure (Vi): Deposition of William Springstone, “formerly a Trader in the Cherokee Town called Scitigo and occasional Interpreter to the Virginia agent for Indian affairs,” stating that the Raven, chief of the Cherokees, had “returned from a Treaty with the British Agent in Georgia” on 22 Nov., last, and that the Indians had agreed to go to war against the inhabitants of Virginia and Carolina in the west; that John Martin and others were to be put to death, but had escaped. Deposition certified by John Martin, Francis Budwine, and John Hawkins (printed in CVSP description begins Calendar of Virginia State Papers … Preserved in the Capitol at Richmond description ends , i, 446–7).

Fleming’s former letter, from Colo. Mosebys (i.e., Littleberry Mosby, county lieutenant of Powhatan), has not been found.

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