Candidates for Army Appointments
[Philadelphia, November–December, 1798]
|lt Colonels Maryland|
In Revolutionary Army 7 years
|Asks for Adjutant General
J C Hall2 recommends
|honor & courage
|Samuel Smith says he was an excellent Officer||[An Indolent man with no vigour of mind.]6|
|would expect a Majority at least|
|Secy says he is Antifœderal|
|His own Letter expects a Brigade|
Capt Cavalry Revolutionary War—between 40 & 50
|Sober man was a good Officer of Cavalry||[And would be a good major of Cavalry]7|
General of Militia
officer in beginning of Revolutionary War
|strict honor & integrity
|William D Beale *
Capt in Revol Army
calls him a hero.
|* He was esteemed a good officer||It would seem probable that he would take a Majority|
|S. Smith says he was one of the best Officers in the Maryland line Confirmed by Mr. Stoddert9|
|Ross10 says he was a steady foederalist—& respectable Officer||Respectable|
|Seeney11—is Capt of Militia||young married man stout and resolute man of property respectable as Lt which he will accept|
|Matthews12—friend of Govermt well deserves the appt.|
|Hindman—well recommended to him|
|George Findey15 would be glad to see him assign|
|3||James McKinsey||by capt Bowen16 conveyed by Howard|
|If he procures &c|
|5||Ezekiel Towson17 Baltimore County||captaincy or Lieutenancy
By Hugh McCurdy his Partner
Secy doubts his principles
|6||Nathan N Wright
|Appt. in provisional Army|
|Tolerable Letter||Wont do|
|Probably not of good politics Matthews|
|7||John Nicholson||Secretary thinks he drinks|
|Antifoederal & suspected of drinking||do|
studied law lively
|clayton speaks well of him as Major or Captain of Artillery||Pretty respectable|
|His letter is well—delicate health|
|Clayton*19 speaks well of him||will accept a Lieutenancy|
|Matthews respected & esteemed by his acquaintances good education & appearance||respectable|
|*allied to G Clayton|
|Basset20—worthy of the appointment|
|Merril||Loyed—not much acquainted with him appears intelligent & candid|
|[if he is of Chas. County, he ought not to be appointed.]21|
|DeWall22 (Ant.) speaks well of him|
|Winchester23 speaks well of character who recommends him|
|Davidson24 thinks the appt. will be well bestowed||Respectable|
|R Ridgly25 of family & reputation|
|Gassaway26—uprightness & attachment to Government|
|[If Roger Nelson27 of Fredk. he is a detd. Enemy to Government.]29||Neilson28 brave active & alert|
|John R Bryce
|says he has studied Military Discipline|
|Matthews—thinks he may make a good subaltern|
Lawyer 24 years
|Secy Handsome interesting well informed|
|Jacob Giles Smith
|Paca30 Gentleman of respectable family|
|S Hughes31 good family manly figure fair character||Inquire|
|G Smith His own letter decent|
60 years old
|Capt in Militia last war
|Samuel Davis||Tilghman33 Hindman & others say he is highly intitled to Ltancy|
|Matthews retracts his former recommendation wants energy is very young would take a Lieutenancy||Inquire|
|Dorsey34 Young Gentleman of respectable family||well as Lieutenant|
|Qr. doubtful politics honorable principles can raise Mathews good looking & dresses neatly|
|Secretary says he is a Gamester Montgomery35 (Ant) speaks favourable|
|John Coleman36 (respectable Clergyman) from several years assures his fœderal & respectability|
Major of Militia
|Creswell37 Fœderalist||Qr a Lieutenant expects a Majority|
|Col Coboden enterprise & exertion|
|P Thomas38 uniformly fœderal & he thinks fit for military service||will accept a Captaincy|
|Jno Mifflin39 distinguished Disciplinarian good fœderal & military man|
|John Miller Military appearance can raise men|
|George Gale40 tall man & influence at elections|
30 & 40
|Matthews stout good man handsome, good understanding without liberal education uniform fœderalist||respectably as Lt perhaps Captain|
20 & 30
|Matthews—stout good man handsome—uniform—foederalist writes good hand has had command ⟨–⟩||Ensign|
|Matthews well educated genteel manners & good character—served as Paymaster man of property||very Respectable|
|Howard & Lloyed|
|William S Dallam
Major of Militia
|requests a Troop of Horse||Respectable|
|Chase41 respectable family—of a brave stock—writes pretty well|
|General Carlisle42 shining talents good education & amiable disposition|
|C Hall—respectable connections excellent officer|
|Howard probably a fœderalist|
|Henry C Neale
St Mary’s County
|Dent43—Young Gentleman of honor & good connections is recomd by R Barnes44||Probably respectable|
25 or 26
|Hindman well||pretty well as Lieutenant will probably accept Ensigncy|
|will take a subalterns|
|Howard recommends him fully from information|
|Hammond47 sober moral character & well enough|
|Lloyd sensible & worthy strong||respectable|
|M Mathews Young active & unblemished|
|Tew—of property esteemed in his neighbourhood|
|James Brooks||General Crabb48||perhaps|
|Edward A Howard
|A Hall50 person will recommend itself|
|Oldham—of good family & thinks he will do honor||Probably
|Js. Tilghman,51 superficially acquainted quite a young man on Inquiry finds him meritorious honor integrity & sobriety|
Formerly in the service
|W D Beale52 says he is a worthy of a company||Not much|
|Writes ill||[a pair of Columns at the most.]53|
|Wilmer54 person education & deportt intitles him at least to Comp||probably well enough as Lieutenant [of a Federal Family]55|
|Gassaway Gentleman of family & respectability politics not mentioned|
|His father56 recommends him who is a good fœderalist||probably respectable|
|E Tilghman57—worthy good young man of generous principles||Lieutenant|
|Desirous of being on horse|
|John Henry60—amiable man|
Irish Tavern Keeper
|George Brown62 speaks of him as an excellent Citizen Gambler suspicion||not elegible Qr|
|Charles M Brotherson
|Capt in present army, if not obtainable provisional army|
|Howard mentions but nothing positive||Tolerably well|
|Goodwin64 sense & considerable information|
|J Hamilton65 speaks strongly|
|Coulter66 general terms favourably|
|Kilty68—probably active & spirited officer good education property in business a young family in business|
Lt. at Close of War
now Col of Militia
|Col Carlisle speaks strongly of him||Inquire carefully|
|asks for Command general|
|Samuel A Harpur
|Levin Handy69—recommends him|
|Dent young Gentleman of good character respectable qualifications could raise a Company of Natives||Respectable|
|Inquire of Mr Harrison70|
|Not very strong|
|[The Son of a Rich & a good Man71—and a good Federalist.]72|
|John C Beatty
son of C W Beatty
|Baer73 favorably—has commanded volunteer Compy checked Insurgents|
27 years old
|G Gale recommends but not strong—integrity & fœderalist|
|Howard recommends because he can raise a Company|
|Lieutenant perhaps Captain|
|J Carlisle—zealous fœderalist|
|Matthews appearance tolerably good|
|James P. Heath||Oldham respectable family honor & spirit||attention|
Troop of Horse
Corporal in Pensy
|Asks for Captaincy
Hartly74 deserves Attntn
G Town Potowmack
nothing else appears
|[There was a Man of the name of Miller who lived in Geo Town: an ignorant & a violent Jacobin—I know of no Man of the name living there now.]77|
last war a private
now Captain of Militia
|G. Gunby78 thinks him qualified for a Captain country School Education||perhaps Ensign|
|J Dennis79 S|
|Qr. if Maryland|
|Nothing very positive|
Col of Militia
campaign of 76 as
|Captaincy or Cavalry||a Jacobin|
|General S Sim80 at Close of 76 was made Lt Co but resigned on marrying niece of Bishop Carrol81 good looking man Temperate|
|willing to go into Infantry Inquire particulary of Stoddert|
|R Sprigg84 recommends good conduct & sobriety|
|U Forrest85—dilligence & honor got rid of his youthful lusts was attentive & industrious as Merchant & wound up with reputation activity & accuracy usefull in Qr. M Gen|
|smart lively fellow Confidence|
Father87 a zealous
|Boardly86 honest Citizen foederal active industrious Lieutenant or Ensign||Qr. Qr.
|Matthews young stout & active|
|Byus||Hindman is inclined to believe he would make a good Officer||Qr. Qr.
probably a private
|His own letter—Coats88 his Militia Captain|
|Matthews presumes he might be trusted|
|Lt of Artillery
U. Forrest speaks well
|Inquire of Stoddert|
|[a young man I believe of property & courage & fit for a Lt.]89|
|Nathan Browner 22
|Dent. Plain education, active & intelligent would accept of an Ensigncy.|
|☞||Thomas B Clements
Charles County 45
served in Revolutionary army as serjeant with & Credit
|Qr. Qr. Qr
|Dominick T Blake has studied law||☞ asks for first Lieutenant of Cavalry||Respectably as Lieutenant|
|Matthews Young Gentleman from Ireland good scholar—finished scholar connected with first families in the state||Inquire his politics|
|J E Howard Samuel Tew|
|John Henry amiable sensible worthy|
Stephen H Fowle
|willing to devote their lives|
|Philemon C Blake
Queen Anne C
|R Tilghman Sobriety probity||Respectably for Cornet or Ensign|
|J Tilghman integrity honor
|Secy modest looking Genteel man||Qr his politics|
|Lloyed no doubt he will make an excellent officer|
|Inquire of Chs.
Lee Atty G
|[His Father91 a man of property & himself a clever young man]93|
|B Edwards94—his uncle acknowleges that he was Democratic good education|
|Richard W West
|P. Thomas cavalry in preference firm fœderalist & respectable young Gentleman||respectably as Lieutenant|
|J E Howard|
|promises ability & Patriotism writes a good han||Passably an Ensign|
|James Carroll95 decent Genteel Young Man hopes he will do well|
|And Aitkin96 perhaps Ant:|
|McEildere a stupid man of property|
|Stoddert Young man of merit nephew of a man of confidence & character good scribe from knowlege of accounts.||respectably as Ensign|
|Craick handsome genteel clever young man||[very clever Fellow & fit for a Lt.]101|
|Baer Doct Thomas|
Talbot County East
|Benson recommends but not good||Swan
Well as Ensign
|D Kerr102—integrity, he understands acctg.|
|R L Nichols103—speaks favourably|
|Goldsborough104 active attentive young man|
|Perry105 spirited active officer|
|Nicholas Vanzandt||Yeates106 integrity & sobriety strong Lt|
|probably good Lieutenant|
|[These three ought by all means to be appointed. Beans is fit to be a Capt.]109|
|[Barns is no relation of Jno Barnes108 by Blood or Politics—& is an extray clever young man. Beans is older, Federal & sensible, as all his Family are—and Warren is the son of a very Rich man, of decided attachment to Government. Tyler, I fear, is not very Federal, tho I know nothing of him—& Judge from the name110 only.]111|
|Samuel Thomas 64|
|James B Brookes
was on Western
|General Crabb good family fair Character||Nothing pointed|
|Stoddert—Young man of good property|
|Craick—of good family & character worthy a Lieutenancy||Probably good Lieutenant|
|Inquire of Messrs Stoddert & Lear112|
Lt of Militia
|Oldham Young and active friend to Govt. thinks he will make a good office|
|Howard retracts his recommendation||Wont do|
|Toldwell abilities integrity|
|Dorsey acquitted himself as Gentleman||Inquire|
|Richard G Hardestty
|U Forest active sprightly likely to make good officer||Inquire|
|speaks of the goodness of his finances||Inquire|
|Andrew H Voorhees
|Seney good education & abilities||perhaps Ensign|
|Matthews—reported to be a spirited young man|
|Louis C Bayly
G Town P
[appointed to the Navy.]114
|See Penyslvania||pretty well recommended as Lt. or Ensign|
|Wilmer will give importance to his Commission||very Respectable|
|Hindman—meritorious & active|
|Wm Cooke115 large property|
sergeant under St
|Dent—faby as Ensign||Not much|
|[25—good common education—possesses considerable knowledge. Deserving of at least an Ensigncy. D.]117|
|John B Barnes
[mentd. in another place—a very clever Fellow, ought to be in the Cavalry.]120
|J Campbell118—genteel of good connections well educated|
|John C Jones119 talents attached to the Govt.|
|Dent— Fitzgerald121—sobriety & active zeal|
|S. Hughes good family Courage & great firmness||Probably respectable|
|P Thomas Foederalism & talents|
|G Gale general good character|
|Carvel Hall—Young Gentleman of merit health & strength active business|
|prefers cavalry||Not strong|
|Howard—a young man of activity & well calculated for army|
|Robert Bowie124 formerly Antifœderal speaks well||Quaere Qr|
Major of Militia
|Christie125 respectable family Whig|
|Matthews, once Sheriff of Hartford respectable man stout & active—adviseable to appoint him||Not strong|
|Passably an Ensign|
|H Carbury127 handsome genteel young man|
|Baer s young Gentleman of virtue & bravery||Inquire|
|Francis W Thomas
|to avenge his father
|No sufficient Evidence|
|Selman129 Young Gentleman of strict honor|
|Lance||Nothing of politics|
|[must be Lane—mentioned before]130|
|Hindman—sensible spirited & active man fœderalist||deserves attention|
|Levi Ford||Philip Thomas—much merit & fœderalism||perhaps Ensign|
|Daniel C Heath Jun
19 or 20
|Ramsay131—real acquisition to the army|
|Milligan132 spirit & honor fœderal|
|Ramsay—mentioned to him by respectable Gentleman as qualified for an Officer||Respectable|
|Winchester respectable Connections honor & integrity|
|Oldham—neither has nor will be better appointm|
son of R Elliot134
|foederal—sprightly active genteel—liberal education & abilities||respectable|
|Solomon Yerving||Most very honorable for|
|Lloyed recommends as qualified in general terms||perhaps Ensign|
|G Dent recommends him as Ensign|
|Samuel Casson||Wm. W Bond135 his family respectable has behaved well in a store||perhaps Ensign|
|Recom by Hindman|
|Horse or Navy|
|Matthews highly recommended to him by respectable Men|
|Res Inhabitants good moral character industry & integrity||perhaps Ensign|
|E Williams S|
|Levi G Ford
|Matthews good family||respectably as Ensign|
|Manners & attached to the Government|
|Thomas York Sprague||Enquire of the Auditor.136|
|Matthews genteel handsome young man—wavering in his politics but now seems decided||Qr. Ensign|
|S Smith Michael Obrien137 by no means man of property not much|
21 years old
|recommended by Genl: Lloyd — attached to the government—raised a Corps of Volunteers—perhaps Lieut. if not Ensign]138|
old officer Capt.
|Stoddert says he ought to be a Captain|
[no man of the name in Maryd. fit for a Field officer.]139
|Council of Maryland
Fidelity & honor DuVal who is an Antifœderal
fit for any command
|[Wishes to be in the Provisional Army & fit for a Regt. a warm Decided Federalist & active in keeping Jacobins in order.]140|
|Thomas Beatty Jun
Capt in former War
[He ought to be a
|asks for such Commission as his former services may justify|
|Forest says he is brave & has good Understandg|
|Stoddert—ought not to be higher than Captain|
|James Hindman||recommended by his brother|
|John C Hall||formerly commanded Regt.|
Cecil County or
asks command of
|Lloyed, a man of great honor & courage & will make a good Officer||Respectable|
|Secretary says he is a man of property & Intelligence—⟨–⟩|
|[Josias] Carval Hall||Hartford||[Lt Colo.]|
|William D. Beale||Prince George||[1st Major]|
|[David Hopkins||Ann Arundle||2d Major]|
|10||John C Beatty||Alleghany|
|2||Thomas Beatty Jun||Frederick|
|9||Edward A Howard||Baltimore County|
|4||Richard W West||Prince George|
|6||Gerard Briscoe||Charles County|
|3||John B Barnes||do.|
|9||Rozin Davidge||Anne Arundel|
|7||Bradley Beans||Prince George|
|7||Matthew Tilghman 5th||do.|
|8||William Nicholson||Queen Anne|
|1||[Henry C. Neale St. Mary’s]||do.|
|6||Daniel C Heath||Cecil|
|7||Levi G Ford||do|
|3||William S Dallam||Hartford|
AD, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
1. In this list of recommendations for Army appointments, those recommended have not been identified. Wherever possible, however, the individuals making the recommendations have been identified.
H, George Washington, and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney prepared this list, which is undated, during their meetings in Philadelphia.
The material within brackets in this document is not in H’s handwriting.
2. Josias Carvel Hall, a resident of Havre de Grace, Maryland, had been a colonel in the American Revolution. On December 31, 1798, he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Ninth Regiment of Infantry (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 299, 303).
3. John Eager Howard.
4. William Hindman, a Federalist and a lawyer, had served in the Maryland Senate from 1777 to 1784. He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1784 to 1787 and the Governor’s Council from 1789 to 1792. He was a member of the Maryland Senate in 1792, when he was elected to the United States House of Representatives, in which he served until 1799.
5. James Lloyd was a lawyer who served in the Maryland militia during the American Revolution. He was a Federalist member of the United States Senate from 1798 until his resignation in 1800.
6. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of James McHenry.
7. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Benjamin Stoddert.
8. Richard Peters.
9. Benjamin Stoddert.
10. James Ross.
11. Joshua Seney, a lawyer, served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1785 to 1787. He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1787 to 1788, and he was elected to the First Congress. He was reelected, but he resigned on May 1, 1792, to become chief justice of the Third Judicial District of Maryland, a position he held until 1796. Seney was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for Congress in 1798.
12. William Matthews served as a judge of the Cecil County Court in 1778, 1780, and again from 1782 to 1786. He was a member of the Maryland General Assembly from 1788 to 1789 and a presidential elector in 1789. In 1796 he was elected to the Fifth Congress.
13. James Waters was a Baltimore merchant.
14. Joshua Clayton.
15. George Finley, a resident of Queen Annes County, Maryland, was appointed a commissioner of valuations on July 16, 1798 (Executive Journal I, 288, 289).
16. John Bowen commanded a troop of cavalry in the Baltimore militia during the Whiskey Insurrection.
17. Ezekial Towson was a tavern owner and builder in Baltimore County. His partner in the building firm was named Mosher.
18. James A. Bayard.
19. Presumably this is a reference to James Clayton, son of Joshua Clayton.
20. Richard Bassett.
21. This sentence is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
22. Gabriel Duval, a lawyer, was elected to the House of Representatives as a Republican to fill a vacancy and served from 1794 to 1796. He resigned in 1796 to become an associate justice of the Maryland Supreme Court. He was a presidential elector in 1796 and 1800.
23. William Winchester was justice of the peace in Frederick County, Maryland, from 1778 to 1780 and again in 1783. During the American Revolution he served as a captain in the militia. From 1794 to 1795 he represented Baltimore in the House of Delegates. In 1798 Winchester ran as the Federalist candidate for Congress, but he was defeated by Samuel Smith.
24. John Davidson, a resident of Annapolis, served in the American Revolution and retired with the rank of major. He was appointed collector of customs at Annapolis on August 3, 1789, and inspector of the port on March 6, 1792 (Executive Journal I, 10, 14, 102, 104, 111). In 1794 he was appointed brigadier general of the Maryland militia for Calvert and Anne Arundel counties.
25. Robert Ridgely, a lawyer and resident of Baltimore, was elected to the Continental Congress in 1785 and 1786 but declined to serve in 1786. He was a member of the Maryland Senate from 1786 to 1791.
26. John Gassaway had attained the rank of captain during the American Revolution before he was captured at Camden, South Carolina, in 1780. He was a vestryman of St. Anne’s Parish, Anne Arundel County, from 1791 to 1793. In 1798 he was a member of a committee appointed to supervise the fortification of Annapolis.
27. Roger Nelson, a lawyer, was a brigadier general in the American Revolution. In 1795 he was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates.
28. George Neilson, a resident of Annapolis who had been an indentured servant, was a close friend of Charles Carroll of Carrollton.
29. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
30. William Paca, a lawyer in Queen Annes County, Maryland, served in the colonial legislature from 1768 to 1774, when he was elected to the First Continental Congress. He was a member of the Second Continental Congress from 1775 to 1779 and was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. On January 22, 1780, he was elected a judge of the Continental Court of Appeals (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (Washington, 1904–1937). description ends , XVI, 79). From 1782 to 1785 Paca was governor of Maryland. In 1789, in the recess of the Senate, George Washington appointed him United States judge for the District of Maryland, and the Senate approved the appointment on February 10, 1790 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 38, 40).
31. Samuel Hughes.
32. Edward Oldham, a resident of Cecil County, Maryland, was a captain in the American Revolution.
33. This is a reference to either Edward, James, or Richard Tilghman. See notes 51, 56, and 57.
34. This is a reference either to Joshua Dorsey, a resident of Frederick County, Maryland, who was elected to the state Senate in 1801, or to Walter Dorsey, a resident of Baltimore, who was a member of the House of Delegates in 1797.
35. John Montgomery, a resident of Harford County, was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1796 to 1797.
36. John Coleman, a native of Virginia, served as an ensign in the American Revolution. After the war he studied in England and was ordained there as a Protestant Episcopal minister. On returning to America, he settled in Harford County, Maryland.
37. John Creswell was a resident of Cecil County, Maryland.
38. Philip Thomas began the practice of medicine in Frederick, Maryland, in 1769. During the American Revolution he was chairman of the committee of safety for Frederick County. He was a presidential elector in 1789. He was the first president of the Medical Society of Maryland.
39. John Mifflin was a resident of West Nottingham, Cecil County, Maryland.
40. George Gale represented Somerset County in the Maryland Ratifying Convention of 1788. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Senate in 1788, but was elected to the House of Representatives in that year. On March 4, 1791, he was appointed supervisor of the revenue for the District of Maryland (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 81, 82).
41. Samuel Chase had served in the Maryland Assembly from 1764 to 1784. He was elected to both the First and Second Continental Congresses, serving from 1774 to 1778, and was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He voted against the adoption of the Constitution in the Maryland Ratifying Convention of 1788. In 1791 he was appointed chief justice of the General Court of Maryland. On January 26, 1796, President Washington appointed him an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 198).
42. John Carlisle, a resident of Harford County, had been a captain in the American Revolution.
43. George Dent served at the Flying Camp and in the Maryland militia during the American Revolution. He was a member of the House of Delegates from 1782 to 1790, where he was a speaker pro tem in 1788 and speaker from 1789 to 1790. From 1791 to 1792 he was a member of the Maryland Senate, of which he was elected president in 1792. He served as a Republican in the House of Representatives from 1793 to 1801.
44. Richard Barnes was a resident of St. Marys County, Maryland, and had large landholdings in Washington County.
45. This is a reference either to Peter Ford or to Philip Ford, Jr., both of whom were members of the militia of St. Marys County, Maryland.
46. Perry Benson, a Maryland planter, served as a captain in the American Revolution. In 1794 he was appointed a lieutenant colonel in the state militia, and by 1800 he was a brigadier general. In 1798 he was elected as a Federalist to the House of Delegates.
47. Nicholas Hammond, a native of the Isle of Jersey, had been educated as a lawyer in Philadelphia. He moved to Maryland in the seventeen-eighties and became a prominent Federalist in Talbot County.
48. Jeremiah Crabb, a resident of Montgomery County, Maryland, was a member of the House of Delegates from 1788 to 1793. In 1791 he was appointed an associate justice of the Fifth Judicial District. In 1794 he was appointed brigadier general of militia for part of Montgomery and Frederick counties. He was a member of the House of Representatives from 1795 to 1796.
49. This is presumably a reference to Benjamin Rumsey, who was a colonel in the Maryland militia during the American Revolution, a member of the Continental Congress from 1776 to 1778, and chief judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals from 1778 to 1805.
50. Andrew Hall, a resident of Queen Annes County, Maryland, was appointed postmaster of Church Hill in 1802.
51. This is a reference either to James Tilghman or to his son, James Tilghman, Jr. Both men were appointed district judges in 1791.
52. William Dent Beall, a resident of Georgetown, was a major in the American Revolution.
53. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
54. Jonathan R. Wilmer, a lawyer and merchant, was a vestryman of St. Anne’s Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in 1795. From 1797 to 1801 he served as a member of the Governor’s Council.
55. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
56. This is presumably a reference to Richard Cooke of “The Hermitage,” who changed his name to Richard Cooke Tilghman in order to inherit “The Hermitage” from his uncle, Richard Tilghman IV.
57. Edward Tilghman, a native of Maryland, was educated in England and practiced law in Philadelphia.
58. John Chew Thomas, a resident of Anne Arundel County, was a Federalist member of the House of Delegates from 1796 to 1797. He was elected to the House of Representatives, where he served from 1799 to 1801.
59. Thomas Johnson served in the colonial and state legislatures from 1762 to 1776, from 1780 to 1781, and from 1786 to 1787. He was a member of the First and Second Continental Congresses from 1774 to 1777, when he became brigadier general of the Maryland militia. From 1777 to 1779 he was governor of Maryland, and in 1790 and 1791 he was chief justice of the Maryland General Court. George Washington nominated him United States judge for the District of Maryland on September 24, 1789, and associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States on October 31, 1791 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 29, 31, 86, 88). On January 22, 1791, he was appointed one of three commissioners for the District of Columbia. Failing health caused him to resign from the Supreme Court in 1793 and as a commissioner in 1794.
60. John Henry, a lawyer educated in England, served in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 and from 1784 to 1787. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1788 and was reelected in 1790 and 1796. In 1796 he received two electoral votes for Vice President. He resigned from the Senate in 1797 to become governor of Maryland. He died on December 16, 1798.
61. Thomas McEldery, a resident of Baltimore, was a mayoral elector in 1796.
62. George Brown was a Baltimore physician.
63. John O’Donnell, a resident of Baltimore, was a member of the House of Delegates from 1792 to 1793. In 1793 he was awarded a contract to clean the streets of Baltimore.
64. This is a reference either to William Goodwin, Sr., a resident of Baltimore, who was a tax commissioner in 1798 and a member of the second branch of the City Council in 1799, or to Lyde Goodwin, a Baltimore physician, who was a judge of the Criminal Court in 1788 and a judge of elections in 1796.
65. Hamilton was not related to H.
66. John Coulter, a Baltimore physician, was a member of the Maryland Ratifying Convention of 1788. In 1796 he was a special commissioner of Baltimore, and in 1797 he was a mayoral elector.
67. Englehard Yeisser, a prominent Baltimore merchant, was a mayoral elector in 1797.
68. William Kilty, a native of England, was educated in France before immigrating to Annapolis before the American Revolution. After studying medicine in Annapolis, he became a surgeon’s mate and then surgeon in the Fourth Maryland Regiment. Taken prisoner at Camden, South Carolina, he was paroled to Annapolis, where he remained until the end of the war. By 1798 he had abandoned medicine and was authorized by the legislature to compile the statutes of Maryland. From 1794 to 1796 he served on the Governor’s Council.
69. Levin Handy, a native of Maryland, reached the rank of captain in the American Revolution before he resigned on May 1, 1780.
70. Richard Harrison, a native of Maryland, was a merchant in Alexandria, Virginia. From 1780 to 1786 he acted as unofficial consul for the United States at Cadiz. He was officially appointed consul at Cadiz on June 4, 1790 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 47, 49). On November 25, 1791, he was appointed auditor in the Treasury Department (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 90), and he served in that post until 1836.
71. This is presumably a reference to Thomas Ogle, who was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from Frederick County in 1782–1783.
72. The material within brackets is in McHenry’s handwriting.
73. George Baer.
74. Thomas Hartley.
75. William Irvine.
76. William Craik, a native of Maryland and a lawyer, was appointed chief justice of the Fifth Judicial District of Maryland on January 13, 1793, and he served in that position until 1796, when he resigned. In 1796 he was elected as a Federalist to the House of Representatives to fill Jeremiah Crabb’s term. He was reelected twice and served until 1801.
77. The material within brakets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
78. A native of Maryland, John Gunby was a colonel in the American Revolution. He was blamed by Nathanael Greene for the American defeat at Hobkirk’s Hill. On August 3, 1798, he was appointed collector of customs at Snow Hill, Maryland, and on March 6, 1792, he was appointed inspector of the port at Snow Hill (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 10, 14, 104, 111).
79. John Dennis, a resident of Worcester County, Maryland, and a lawyer, served two terms in the Maryland House of Delegates before being elected as a Federalist to the House of Representatives in 1796, where he served until 1805. In 1798 the House of Representatives appointed him one of the managers to conduct the impeachment hearings against William Blount.
80. Smith Sims was a resident of Somerset County, Maryland.
81. John Carroll, a native of Maryland, was educated in France. He was ordained as a Jesuit priest in 1767. Returning to America before the Revolution, he was appointed by the Continental Congress to the commission to Canada in 1776. On November 14, 1789, he was named the first American Roman Catholic bishop.
82. Cox was a resident of Prince Georges County, Maryland.
83. Benjamin Brookes served as a major in the American Revolution. In the seventeen-nineties he was a brigadier general of the Maryland militia. On May 29, 1798, he was appointed a major in the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 277, 279).
84. Richard Sprigg, Jr., served in the Maryland House of Delegates in 1792 and 1793. He was elected to the House of Representatives to fill a vacancy and served from May, 1796, to March 4, 1799.
85. Uriah Forrest, a native of Maryland, was a lieutenant colonel in the American Revolution. He served as auditor of Maryland and in both branches of the state legislature. In 1786 and 1787 he was a member of the Continental Congress, and he served as a Federalist in the House of Representatives in 1793 and 1794. In 1794 he was appointed a brigadier general of the Maryland militia for Prince Georges and part of Montgomery counties. He was the business partner of Benjamin Stoddert.
86. John Beale Bordley, a Maryland lawyer, was an associate judge of the Provincial Court from 1766 to 1776 and an admiralty judge from 1767 to 1776. In 1783 he was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society. He moved to Philadelphia in 1791, and there he established the first agricultural society in the United States.
87. Daniel Knock, a resident of Queen Annes County, was a justice of the peace in 1794. In 1798 he was appointed to a joint commission composed of individuals from Kent and Queen Annes counties which had been formed to establish a market at Bridgetown, Kent County.
88. John Coats, a native of Philadelphia, served as a physician in the American Revolution. Moving to Maryland in 1780, he became the first Grand Master of Masons in that state in 1783.
89. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
90. This is a reference to either Philip or Philip Barton Key.
91. Samuel Lane’s father was Hardage Lane.
92. John Thompson Mason was a resident of Annapolis, Maryland.
93. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Benjamin Stoddert.
94. Benjamin Edwards represented Montgomery County in the Maryland Ratifying Convention of 1788. He was appointed an associate judge of the Circuit Court for Montgomery County in 1791, and from 1797 to 1798 he served as a judge of the Montgomery County Orphans’ Court.
95. This is a reference either to James Carroll, a relative of John Carroll, who was a planter in Talbot County, or to James Carroll, a Baltimore lawyer, who was appointed an associate judge of the District Court in 1791 and served as Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1797.
96. Andrew Aitkin was a prominent Baltimore physician.
97. Abraham Jarret, a resident of Harford County, was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1792 to 1798.
98. See note 67.
99. This is a reference to either James Norris, Sr., or his son, James Norris, Jr., both of whom were residents of Baltimore.
100. This is presumably a reference to William Clemm, a resident of Baltimore.
101. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
102. David Kerr, a native of Scotland, had settled first in Virginia, then at Annapolis, and finally at Easton, Maryland. He was a Federalist member of the House of Delegates from 1790 to 1794 and again in 1797. In 1798 Kerr tied Perry Benson in the election to the House of Delegates, but he lost to Benson in the run-off election.
103. R. L. Nichols (Nicols), a resident of Easton, Maryland, served in the American Revolution. In 1789 he became the business partner of David Kerr.
104. This is a reference to one of the following men: Charles Goldsborough, a lawyer, who was a Federalist member of the Maryland Senate from 1791 to 1795 and from 1799 to 1801; or Charles Goldsborough, who was a clerk in the Navy Department; or Robert Goldsborough, chief justice of the Maryland Supreme Court from April 2, 1796, until his death in 1799; or Richard Goldsborough, a resident of Dorchester County, Maryland, who was a member of the House of Delegates in 1796 and 1799.
105. William Perry, a native of Maryland, was justice of the peace in Talbot County in 1774 and from 1776 to 1779. He was a member of the Maryland Conventions of 1775 and 1776. From 1786 to 1799 he was a Federalist member of the state Senate, and he was president of the Senate from 1796 until 1799.
106. Donaldson Yeates was quartermaster general of Maryland during the American Revolution. He was a member of the Maryland Ratifying Convention of 1788, and he was a presidential elector in 1792.
107. The words within brackets are in Stoddert’s handwriting.
108. John Barnes, a resident of Washington County, Maryland, was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1777, from 1779 to 1782, and in 1795.
109. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
110. This is presumably a reference to Samuel Tyler, register of wills for Prince Georges County from 1782 to 1803.
111. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
112. Tobias Lear.
113. William Smith, a native of Pennsylvania, represented Maryland in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1778. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1788 and served until 1791. In 1796 he was a presidential elector. In 1798 he was a merchant in Baltimore. He was also an executor of Otho H. Williams’s estate. Josias Carvel Hall was his son-in-law.
114. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
115. This is presumably a reference to William Cooke of Annapolis, father of Richard Cooke Tilghman and brother-in-law of Richard Tilghman IV.
116. Arthur St. Clair, a general in the American Revolution, was major general commanding the United States Army from March 4, 1791, to March 5, 1792, when he resigned.
117. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of McHenry.
118. John Campbell, a resident of the Eastern Shore, was a member of the Maryland Senate in 1796.
119. John Coates Jones was appointed collector of customs at Nanjemoy, Maryland, on August 3, 1798, and inspector of the port of Cedar Point, Maryland, on March 6, 1798 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 11, 14, 104, 111).
120. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
121. Thomas Fitzgerald was a resident of Charles County, Maryland.
122. This is a reference either to George Stricker, a native of North Carolina, who had served in the American Revolution and who had represented Frederick in the Maryland legislature, or to John Stricker, his son, also a veteran of the American Revolution. John Stricker was a resident of Baltimore and had been second in command of the Maryland militia commanded by Samuel Smith during the Whiskey Insurrection.
123. Peter Hoffman, a native of Frederick County, Maryland, was a prominent merchant. In 1771 he moved his business to Baltimore, and in 1794 he established the wholesale dry goods firm of Hoffman and Company there.
124. Robert Bowie was a captain in the American Revolution, and from 1786 to 1790 he was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates. In 1794 he was appointed a justice of the peace and a major in the militia. In 1796 he was an elector for the state Senate.
125. Gabriel Christie, a member of the Maryland militia during the American Revolution, had served in the Maryland House of Delegates. He was a Republican member of the House of Representatives from 1793 to 1797 and from 1799 to 1801.
126. David Lucket represented Montgomery County in the Maryland House of Delegates in 1794.
127. Henry Carberry, a native of Maryland, had served as a captain in the American Revolution, and he was a captain in Major Henry Gaither’s battalion in the levy of 1791. He was appointed a captain in the United States Army on March 14, 1792 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 114, 116). He resigned his commission on February 10, 1794. He served as adjutant general of the Maryland militia from 1794 to 1807.
128. This is a reference to one of the following men: Richard Hall Harwood, a resident of Anne Arundel County, who was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1798 to 1799; or Thomas Harwood, who was appointed commissioner of loans for Maryland on August 6, 1790 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 57); or William Harwood, who was clerk of the Maryland Ratifying Convention of 1788 and of the Maryland House of Delegates in the seventeen-nineties.
129. Jonathan Sellman was a resident of Anne Arundel County, Maryland.
130. The material within brackets is in the handwriting of Stoddert.
131. Nathaniel Ramsay, a resident of Cecil County, was a member of the Maryland Convention of 1775, and he served as a lieutenant colonel in the American Revolution until he was captured at Monmouth. He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1786 to 1788. On September 24, 1789, he was appointed United States marshal for the District of Maryland and was reappointed on December 27, 1793 (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 29, 31, 143, 144). On December 10, 1794, he was appointed naval officer for Baltimore (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 165).
132. This is presumably a reference to either Robert or James Milligan of Cecil County, Maryland.
133. Elie Williams, a veteran of the American Revolution, was the brother of the late General Otho H. Williams, who had been collector of customs at Baltimore. Elie Williams was clerk of the Circuit Court for Washington County during the seventeen-nineties and was an Army contractor with Robert Elliot for the western posts. During the Whiskey Insurrection the firm of Elliot and Williams was agent for provisioning the militia army.
134. Robert Elliot was Elie Williams’s partner. He was killed by the Indians in the Northwest Territory on October 6, 1794.
135. William W. Bond was a resident of Baltimore.
136. Richard Harrison.
137. This is a reference either to Michael O’Brian or to Michael O’Brine, both of whom were residents of Baltimore.
138. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
139. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
140. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.
141. The material within brackets is in Stoddert’s handwriting.