Report on Tonnage and Imports
for the Several States
Treasury Department March 10th. 1792
[Communicated on March 12, 1792]1
In obedience to the order of the Senate, of the 8th instant,2 I have the honor to transmit thirteen returns exhibiting, as accurately as is practicable, the various descriptions of vessels employed during the year ending the 30th September, 1790, in the import trade of each State at that time comprehended in the Union, together with the foreign places from whence they departed for the United States.3
I have also the honor to transmit thirteen returns exhibiting, as far as the public accounts admit, the various species of Merchandize imported during the year ending on the 30th day of September, abovementioned.4 Two of each sets of those returns, Vizt: those for North Carolina and Rhode Island, are not for the intire year, as they were not during a part of it comprehended within the Union.5
It is ascertained by the Books of the Treasury, and the fact will appear from a return now in preparation, that the proportion of duties accruing on goods imported in foreign ships during the year ending the 30th of September last, is less than one-fourth of the whole duties [on goods imported.]6
Those returns, having been completed prior to the order of the Senate, do not convey all the information required by their Act, but as they contain a considerable portion of what is directed, I have thought it best to transmit them without delay. The remaining information will be prepared as expeditiously as possible;7 [though the preparation of a part of it will require very considerable time.]
With the highest respect, I have the honor to be, Sir Your most obedt & most humble Servant
Secy of the Treasury
The Vice President of
the United States & President of the Senate.
LS, RG 46, Second Congress, 1791–1793, Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, National Archives.
1. Annals of Congress description begins The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States; with an Appendix, Containing Important State Papers and Public Documents, and All the Laws of a Public Nature (Washington, 1834–1849). description ends , III, 106.
2. The Senate “Ordered, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to furnish the Senate with returns of the imports of each of the United States for twelve months, specifying the different articles, with reference to the places from whence the imports are made, the kind of vessel or vessels in which they are brought, and to what power said vessel or vessels may belong, at the time of such import or imports. Also, with returns of the exports, in the same form as those of the imports” (Executive Journal, I, 110).
3. These statements may be found in ASP description begins American State Papers, Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States (Washington, 1832–1861). description ends , Commerce and Navigation, I, 51–63. The statements were signed by Tench Coxe, Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury.
4. These returns may be found in ASP description begins American State Papers, Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States (Washington, 1832–1861). description ends , Commerce and Navigation, I, 64–102.
5. North Carolina ratified the Constitution on November 20, 1789, and Rhode Island ratified it on May 29, 1790.
6. Bracketed words in this letter are in the handwriting of H.
7. “The remaining information” consists of figures on exports for the year ending September 30, 1791. See “Report on the Return of Exports for the Year Ending September 30, 1791,” March 15, 1792.