Charleston, February 2d. 1783.
Your letter of the 18th of September, by Mr. Hayward,32 with the Bills enclosed, I forgot to acknowledge in my last. He promises me the money very soon; Mr. Drayton33 also promises to pay me very shortly.
The clothier’s, quarter master’s and medical departments, together with the bills drawn for two months pay for the officers, give me no small uneasiness, for fear the amount should exceed your ability, and interfere with other engagements. I have contracted for every thing, upon as moderate a scale, as possible.
Even, since the enemy have been gone, we have been obliged to subsist ourselves with the point of the bayonet. All the State-agents quitted the business, the moment the enemy left Charleston. Our sufferings have been great, so much so, that the troops have taken meat out of the market, by force, in contempt of authority. This, you may well suppose, was no less alarming to the officers, than the citizens. Colo. Carrington has closed a contract with Mr. Banks, for the subsistence of the troops, at something less than eleven pence sterling per ration. This is the lowest, it could be had at. Not another man or set of men made an offer to enter into contract, but Mr. Banks. Colo. Carrington took great pains to reduce the contract as low as possible; but there being no competitors, and the army in a starving condition, Mr. Banks knew his advantages too well, not to avail himself of it; however, he rather wishes to be off, even on the terms agreed.
I have been to Georgia, to impress, upon the Legislature of that State, the necessity for their adopting the Impost-Act,34 and for levying a tax, both of which will, I am in hopes, be agreed to. Their poverty and distress are great, but they must do something. I shall impress the same matters on this State. I have told both, that unless they took measures for the support of the army here, they would be ordered to the northward; and also, that the army could not be kept together, a moment longer, than the officers were satisfied, that the States would take no measures to support the servants of Congress, in their engagements; and this, you may be assured, is a serious truth.
I will transmit you a list of all the Bills drawn on you, and wish you to communicate your sentiments and propects, freely and fully, and, be assured, I will aid the business of your department, as much as in my power; but I am not a little alarmed at the political state of affairs in the southern world.
As I did not know of the opportunity, until the express was ready to go, I cannot write you so fully as I intended.
I am, with great respect, Your most obedt. Hble Servant
The Honble. Robert Morris Esqr.
I certify, that the foregoing is a true Copy, compared with the Original remaining on file in this Office.
32. Thomas Heyward, a South Carolina lawyer and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, had served in the South Carolina legislature in 1772 and in the Continental Congress from 1776 to 1778. During the American Revolution he was appointed a captain in the Continental Army and was taken prisoner by the British at Charleston in 1780. After the Revolution he served as judge of the South Carolina Circuit Court until 1789 and was a member of the state constitutional convention in 1790.
33. William Drayton, a South Carolina lawyer, had served as chief justice of the province from 1763 to 1777. After the American Revolution he became judge of the Admiralty Court and in 1789 was appointed Federal judge of the District of South Carolina.
34. See note 20. Georgia and Rhode Island had not yet agreed to the impost. On October 10, 1782, Congress had agreed to “call upon the states of Rhode Island and Georgia for an immediate definitive answer whether they will comply with the recommendation of Congress to vest them with power to levy a duty of five per cent. on all goods imported, and on prizes and prize goods” (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (Washington, 1904–1937). description ends , XXIII, 643).