From James McHenry1
Princeton [New Jersey] 22 [–23] Octbr. 1783.
I obey you. The homilies you delivered in Congress are still recollected with pleasure. The impressions they made are in favor of your integrity and no one but believes you a man of honor and republican principles. Were you ten years older and twenty thousand pounds richer, there is no doubt but that you might obtain the suffrages of Congress for the highest office in their gift. You are supposed to possess various knowlege, useful—substantial—and ornamental. Your very grave and your cautious—your men who measure others by the standard of their own creeping politics think you sometimes intemperate, but seldom visionary, and that were you to pursue your object with as much cold perseverance as you do with ardor and argument you would become irresistable. In a word, if you could submit to spend a whole life in depicting a fly you would be in their opinion one of the greatest men in the world. Bold designs—measures calculated for their rapid execution—a wisdom that would convince from its own weight—a project that would surprise the people in greater happiness, without giving them an opportunity to view it and reject it, are not adapted to a council composed of discordant elements, or a people who have thirteen heads each of which pay superstitious adoration to inferior divinities.
I have been deterred from day to day from sending you the extract you desire by a proclamation on the subject which I expected would have passed. It is still in dubio. I have reported on Fleury’s2 case on the principle you recommend. I fear his half pay will not be granted.3
Congress some time ago determined to fix their fœderal Town on the Delaware near Trenton. Yesterday they determined to erect a second fœderal Town on the Potomac near George Town: and to reside equal periods (not exceeding one year) at Annapolis & Trenton till the buildings are completed. We adjourn the 12 of next month to meet at Annapolis the 26.
Adieu my dear friend and in the ⟨da⟩ys of your happiness drop a line to yours
our examplification of the treaty has passed and will be transmitted to the State officially.4
ALS, Hamilton Papers, Library of Congress.
1. McHenry, who was elected to the Continental Congress on May 12, 1783, attended Congress intermittently from June, 1783, to June, 1784.
2. François Louis Teisseydre, Marquis de Fleury.
3. McHenry was chairman of a committee to which the Secretary at War submitted a report concerning Lieutenant Colonel Fleury. The committee reported that Fleury was entitled to half pay “or commutation and other emoluments allowed to officers continuing in the service to the end of the war” (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (Washington, 1904–1937). description ends , XXV, 644).
4. McHenry is referring to the congressional resolution of October 22, 1783, which stated that copies of the provisional articles of peace between the United States and Great Britain and the ratification of those articles be sent to each state (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (Washington, 1904–1937). description ends , XXV, 661).