From William Carmichael
ALS: Library of Congress
Madrid 15 March 1783
I had the honor to receive, altho Somewhat Late the Communications you made to me of the Treaty signed the 30th of Novr. with G. Britain.3 Your Letter remained more than three weeks in the hands of this Ministry, If I may be Allowed to Judge from its Date & Delivery. I am Infinitely sensible for the Communication which you did me the honor to make of this Important event & the more so as I had a right to expect it from Others who have not given me the least Information on the Subject— I should have answered your Letters Immediately If I could have made return adequate to the Communication which You did me the honor to make me; But our Affairs here were for so long a time in such an uncertain Situation that I dared not venture to predict their Issue & at all Events I expected to receive advice & not to be Obliged to demand it— The Marquis de la Fayette will have informed you of the Situation of affairs here—4 I did not write your Excy by him, because I was convinced that he could give you much better Information vivâ voce, than I could do by Letter— I wished to have sent by him an Acct of Money Transactions here, I reserve it for the Ct. D Estaing.5 I hope you will find that it will be satisfactory— I have recd Letters from Mr Livingston Informing me that he had remitted Bills for my Salary for one half year & That these Bills were sent to your Excy;6 I have drawn in that Interval for near a years Salary, but still the Public is in arrears to me.7 I hoped that Mr Jay would have settled his Accts with your Excy & in that case you would have seen that there was still a considerable defecit in my favor— By the next post I shall have the honor to transmit my public & private Accts— The Sums due here are not considerable & that Circumstance renders their payment the more necessary to establish our credit on a permanent footing— The Baron Le Fort8 will have the honor to present to your Excy this Letter. It was a request on his part that I could not refuse when Seconded by his Uncle the Baron de Falkenhain9 who commanded the French troops at Minorca & Gibraltar. I am Obliged to write This Letter with much precipitation, & I have neither the head or hand so much at my disposition as I could wish when I have the honor to Address one whose good opinion I have so much at heart. I pray your Exy to think well of me untill at least you have convincing proofs to the Contrary. Your long Silence & your last Laconic Letter1 gave me the bile for a much longer Time than I Dare to tell you. My heart has always loved and honored you & I hope that you will respect its feelings, altho you may have little regard for the head which is not in the Case to follow as it ought to do, its Impulse— On Monday or Thursday I shall have the honor to write to your Exy such sentiments as I expect will be inspected by this Court— I hope Mr Jay will soon decide what he means to do, for until I know his decision I shal not act in one manner or another.
I have the honor to be with great respect Your Excys. Most Obliged & Humble Sert
His Excy. Benjamin Franklin—
3. Not found. On Feb. 4 Carmichael wrote WTF to thank him for sending news of the preliminary agreement (APS).
4. Lafayette arrived in Paris on March 12: Gaz. de Leyde, March 21. While in Spain he had gone to Madrid to advise Carmichael and urged the Spanish court to cultivate friendship with America: Idzerda, Lafayette Papers, V, 86, 94, 106.
5. The French contingent of d’Estaing’s fleet at Cadiz departed for Brest and Toulon in mid-March and arrived in the two harbors on March 31 and in early April, respectively: Courier de l’Europe, XIII (1783), 249; Idzerda, Lafayette Papers, V, 433. According to Carmichael, d’Estaing was still in Spain in early April, so he apparently traveled to France on his own: Carmichael to WTF, April 10, 1783 (APS).
6. Livingston to Carmichael, July 6 and Sept. 12, 1782: Wharton, Diplomatic Correspondence, V, 597–8, 725–6.
7. Account XXVII (XXXII, 4) shows that Grand paid in January Carmichael’s bills of Sept. 23 and Oct. 1, 1782. They totalled just over half his annual salary of £1,000 sterling (XXX, 543), approximately 24,000 l.t.
8. Probably Frédéric-Antoine-Henry (Henri), baron Le Fort (1754–1792), who served as a French army captain during the sieges of Minorca and Gibraltar: Six, Dictionnaire biographique; Albert de Montet, Dictionnaire biographique des Genevois et des Vaudois … (2 vols., Lausanne, 1877–78).
9. Charles-Gustave de Falkenhayn (b. 1724), an Alsatian who commanded the eight French battalions that helped the Spanish army capture Minorca in 1781: DBF.