From John Bondfield
ALS: American Philosophical Society
Bordeaux 20 March 1782
Within this month past have arrived from Ireland upwards of Thirty Captains Officers and Seamen who by bribing the Centeries or out the Hospitals have escaped by Neutral Vessels and come safe off. The reports they make of the misery they endured and that of their fellow Companions is incredible they have requested me to represent their sufferings to you tho. I have assured them of your repeated application to obtain redress they persist in requiring that I write you on the Subject and streniously request your outmost exertion to obtain an exchange or a mitigation of treatment during their imprisonment some that are here have been eighteen months confined in various prisons & prison Ships naked without a change of Linnen to preserve them from the inclementcy of the Weather or from filth a power [poor?] worthy Captain Lewis had only a thin pair of Linnen Breeches wrent & slit from top to bottom—1 I have also had complaints of late from Seamen taken by force in the West Indies being in the service of American Vessels put on board french Merchantmen and sent to Europe this is a greivance of a momentary nature tho attended with Injury to the individuel publick service may be supposed renderd nessessary and may not be again repeated.
Our Neutral Consuls give a latitude to the late resolves in parlement2 that their Flag is intitled to transport Goods to the United States under the privalidges and restrictions observed in Europe and at present in the West Indies please to give me your construction by which I may be governd not only for my private intruction but to serve to the Trade here who will apply to me for information. I dined yesterday with the prussien Consul3 who is ready to embark deeply in conections with us so soon as licence is Granted we have upwards of one hundred sail of Neutral Vessels now in this Port. I have the Honor to be with due respect Sir Your most Obedient Humble Servant
Addressed: Son Excellence / Son Excellence Benj Franklin Esqr. / Ministre pleinipenta des Etats Unies / de l’Amerique / a / Paris
1. Elijah Lewis, Job Whipple, and two other escaped prisoners, all traveling together, were aided by Bondfield on March 18: Account XXVII (XXXII, 4). By March 24 they were in Nantes, where they described prison conditions in Kinsale to JW. See their letter to BF, March 24, and JW’s letter of March 26.
2. On April 7, 1781, Congress approved new instructions for privateers which permitted the free navigation of neutral vessels: XXXVI, 638n.
3. Jean-Georges Streckeisen, of the firm Texier & Streckeisen: XXXIII, 279n; Almanach royal for 1782, p. 268.