From John Adams
ALS: American Philosophical Society; copy: Massachusetts Historical Society
Ferrol Decr 8. 1779
I have the Honour to inform your Excellency, that Congress, having judged it proper to appoint me to a new Mission in Europe I embarked on the thirteenth of November, at the Instance of The Chevalier de La Luzerne and Mr. Gerard, on Board the same Frigate that carried me to America. Soon after We got to Sea a formidable Leake in the Ship discovd itself So as to oblige us to keep two Pumps, constantly going by Night and Day, which induced the Captain [torn: to] think it necessary to put into this Place, where We have just now cast Anchor.5
Whether I shall go to Paris by Land or wait for the Frigate is uncertain; I believe the former, as the latter might detain me, four or five Weeks.— I have dispatches for your Excellency from Congress, which I shall carry with me, and News papers. These latter contain little remearkable Save the Evacuation of Rhode Island by the Enemy, and the Compte D’Estaings Progress in Georgia, in Cooperation with General Lincoln, which was in a fair Course of Success.
I hope the Confederacy, which Sailed from Philadelphia, three or four Weeks before Us, with Mr Gerard and Mr Jay, who is appointed Minister plenipotentiary for Spain, has happily arrived,6 and made it unnecessary for me to enlarge upon the general state of Affairs in America, which were upon the whole in a favourable Train. I hope to have the Honour of Saluting you at Passy in a few Weeks,7 and am with [torn: great Respect]8 Sir, your most obedient humble
Addressed: A Son Excellence / Monsieur Monsieur Franklin / Ministre Plenipotentiaire des Etats / Unis de L’Amerique / a Passy / pres Paris
Notation: J. Adams Decr. 10. 79
5. The Sensible’s leak was so severe that even her passengers were called on to take turns pumping: Butterfield, John Adams Diary, II, 404n.
6. The Confederacy had lost her masts in an accident and was at the moment en route to Martinique for repairs: Richard B. Morris, The Peacemakers: the Great Powers and American Independence (New York, Evanston, London, 1965), pp. 3–5.
7. JA and his party arrived in Paris on the evening of Feb. 9: Butterfield, John Adams Diary, II, 434n.
8. Supplied from JA’s letterbook copy.