From Thomas Paine
ALS: American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia Oct. 24th. 1778
Dear Honored Sir
I congratulate you on your accession to the State of Minister Plenipotentiary. Could you have lived to fill a particular point in the Circle of human Affairs, it would have been That to which you are now so honorably called.
We rub and drive on, all things considered beyond what could ever be expected, and instead of wondering why some things have not been done better, the greater wonder is we have done so well. As I wish to render the History of this Revolution as compleat as possible I am unwilling to begin it too soon, and should be glad to consult you first, because the real Motives of the British King and Ministry in commencing the War will form a considerable political Part.8 I am sufficiently perswaded myself that they wished for a Quarrel and intended to annex America to the Crown of England as a Conquered Country; they had no doubt of Victory and hoped for what they might call a Rebellion, but we have not, on this Side the Water, sufficient proof of This at present. I intend to embellish it with plates of heads Plans &c which likewise cannot be perfected here.
I enjoy thank God a good Share of health and hopes and tho’ my Situation is no ways advantageous, it is nevertheless agreeable. I have the pleasure of being respected and I feel a little of that satisfactory kind of pride that tells me I have some right to it. I am not much harried in the Secretary department,9 and have sufficient leisure for any thing else.
At this Time the public expectations run high on the Enemy quitting New York, but for what or where is all uncertain, neither do I beleive they know what to do themselves.
The Marquiss de Fayette returns with the warmest Thanks from this Country.1 His Amiable and benevolent Manners have been a living contradiction to the narrow spirited declarations of the British Commissioners. He happily returns in safety, which, considering the exposures he has gone thro’, is rather to be wondered at.
A large Detachment is Sailed from N. york Destination unknown2—probably for Boston, but as you will receive later Information than this Letter can Convey, any thing which I may mention will be of little use. I am, with every wish for your happiness Your obliged and Affectionate Humble Servant
Please to presant my Compts. to your Grandsons.
Addressed: His Excellency / Benjamin Franklin / Paris / Favor / Marquis de Fayette
Endorsed: Mr Paine Oct. 24. 78
Notation: Mr. Paine
8. For Paine’s projected history see XXIV, 205.
9. As secretary of the committee for foreign affairs.
1. Lafayette had asked leave to rejoin the French army. He was queried by a congressional committee about French participation in joint military operations against Canada, but, probably on the advice of Gérard, replied noncommittally. On Oct. 21 he was granted leave by Congress and promised “an elegant sword” (to be presented by BF): Meng, Despatches of Gérard, pp. 339–40, 346–7; JCC, XII, 1034–5, 1054; Idzerda, Lafayette Papers, II, 16–17, 191–5. He sailed from Boston on January 11, 1779, on the American frigate Alliance, carrying BF’s instructions as minister plenipotentiary (below, Oct. 26), but was not content to be a mere messenger. Anxious to avenge the French and American defeat at Newport, he apparently was able to convince BF to exceed his instructions by asking Vergennes to send a French expedition against Rhode Island (below, Feb. 25).
2. The detachment, as noted in our annotation of Deane’s letter of Sept. 15, was to reinforce Florida and to attack St. Lucia.