Joseph Wharton, Jr., to the American Commissioners3
ALS: American Philosophical Society
<Paris, September 26, 1778: In order to lessen the scarcity of salt in America and to benefit myself I propose to send several cargoes of it from Portugal this coming winter. As you informed me there is no congressional resolution against direct trade from Portugal to the United States, I ask passports for the vessels I may load there. Because of the supposed unfriendliness between the two countries these passports will be highly necessary both to remove the suspicions of Portuguese merchants and masters and to secure protection from American warships and privateers.4>
3. Published in Taylor, Adams Papers, VII. For Wharton see Bancroft’s letter under Aug. 7.
4. BF drafted such a passport in October (APS). He reused the draft later, lining out Wharton’s name and substituting 1779 for 1778. It bears the notation “Passport for Mr. Whartons vessels. with salt.”