From William Franklin
LS (incomplete):2 American Philosophical Society
(Remainder of my letter dated November 13, )3
Mr. Sherwood was not removed for any offence he had given, but by the Management of the East Jersey Proprietors in the Council, who have long wanted to have the Agent they employ appointed Provincial Agent.4 They took Advantage of Sherwood’s Letters about the Stamp Act, which were very short and trivial, and produced some of Mr. Wilmot’s which were full and sensible. Then the Speaker,5 who is in the Proprietary Interest, proposed him for Agent, which the House acquiesc’d in, without any Opposition, not knowing he was the Proprietary Agent. But since they have discovered who he is, they are, I am told, much displeasd, (as it is a Thing they have always been determin’d against) and are resolved to leave him out next year, in revenge for the Trick that has been play’d them. If so, perhaps they may appoint Sherwood again, who has behaved very complaisantly on his Dismission, tho’ they are far from thinking him properly qualified. He is to be sure no ways equal to the other in Point of Abilities, tho’ he is more equal to the Pimping Salary they allow. It is only £100 Currency, and £30 Sterling for Petty Expences. If you know of any Person of Credit that would accept of that Allowance, who is capable of doing the Duty, I believe I could manage to obtain the Office for him, if you acquaint me in Time. I am told that Mr. Wilmot’s Reason for accepting of it is not only to serve the East Jersey Proprietors but as it will give him some Consideration with the Ministry.
It is now generally said to be Debert, and not Ray, who wrote that scandalous Aspersion of the Agents, printed in the New-York, and other Papers.6
I really think it not at all unlikely that Mr. Allen is in some Degree out of his Senses. Upon finding that, Williamson’s Essay publish’d in Bradford’s Supplement7 did not take with the People, he cried out against it in the House as much as any Body. And yet at the last Session, when the Assembly were about appointing their Agents, he made that very Piece the Foundation of a great deal of Abuse he threw out against you, and spoke from it as if it had been his Brief.
I have heard nothing further about Mr. Skinner, but perhaps I may now the Duke of Grafton is again in the Ministry.8
I Long to have your Copy of the Examination.9
Our Friends have been a considerable Time greatly disgusted with Mr. Hall, but his late Conduct to Mr. Galloway has determin’d them to throw him off entirely.1 I have been above a Year fully convinced that he had a greater Attachment to Mr. Allen than to you; and as he treated me very insolently in a Letter he wrote to me on a Supposition that I was the Author of Jack Retort2 I have eversince dropt all kind of Intercourse with him. I wrote you a Letter at the Time,3 with a full Account of the whole Affair, but as I thought it would not be long before you return’d I did not send it, thinking it best not to trouble you till your Return when you would have an opportunity of hearing both Sides and enquiring into the Truth of the Accusations against him. I really had a Friendship for Mr. Hall and have frequently endeavor’d to remove the Prejudices our Friends had conceived against him; but I am now quite satisfied that he has no Friendship for you, and is as great an Enemy to your Side of the Question as ever Smith was. All the Difference is that Smith is so openly, and the other [cov]ertly—a meer Snake in the Grass. The Consequence is that your Friends (who would have set up a Press above a year ago, but that they did not know but you might chuse to be concern’d in the Printing Business on your Return) have at length engaged one Goddard,4 who served his Apprenticeship with Mr. Parker, to set up a Printing Office in Philadelphia and publish a News Paper. Mr. Galloway, and Mr. Thos. Wharton for his Encouragement, have entered into Partnership with him and have agreed to advance what Money may be necessary.5 But as their Motive for doing this is not merely for the Sake of Profit, but principally to have a Press henceforth as open and safe to them, as Hall’s and Bradford’s are to the other Party, they have put it into their Agreement as I understand, that when you return you shall have it in your Power to be concern’d, if you Chuse it, in the Place of one of them.6 The young Man has brought several good Founts of Letter with him, but his Press he was obliged to leave with his Mother who carries on the Business at Providence. They therefore desired me to ask my Mother to lend them the old Press which Parker used here,7 and they would either buy it of you, or pay you what you thought reasonable for the Hire. My Mother told me she had no Objection to my letting them have it, but she did not chuse to do it of herself lest Mr. Hall might be displeased with her for it. At the same Time she said that she should be glad that the Printer would take the old House in which it was, as it stood empty and has not brought in any Rent for a great while. I accordingly let them have the Press, and they have agreed with my Mother to take your old House in Market Street.8 There is a new Mahogany Press there, which they seem desirous to purchase if you incline to part with it, but I suppose they will write to you on the Subject. What I have done is for the best, and I hope it will prove agreeable to you. There is, indeed, really a Necesity for their having a Press of their own, while their publick Affairs continue in their present critical Situation for it is with great Difficulty they can get Hall, or Bradford to consent to print any Thing for them, and when they do some of the Proprietary Party are sure to have it communicated to them before it is publish’d. Hugh Roberts, and many more of your old Friends, have determined to encourage the new Printer all in their Power, and to go about the several Wards to get Subscriptions to the News-paper. The Members of Assembly will do the same in their respective Counties, and let him have all the Publick Work. So that I am in hopes that by the Time you return they will lay the Foundation of a very valuable Business, worth your while to be concern’d in, if you should think it proper or convenient. But I am likewise in hopes that when you do return you will have something far better worth your Acceptance than that can possibly be made.9 However, as all Things in this Life are uncertain, it may not perhaps be amiss for you to have it in your Power to engage in this Affair. I am, Honoured Sir Your dutiful Son
2. The body of the letter is in the hand of WF’s wife, Elizabeth. The first part of the letter has not been found.
3. The contents of the letter indicate the year.
4. For Joseph Sherwood, a Quaker lawyer who had served as N.J. agent since 1760, see above, X, 413 n. He was succeeded by Henry Wilmot, agent for Thomas Penn and for the East Jersey Council of Proprietors; see above, IX, 16 n. BF was appointed N.J. agent in 1769, apparently through the influence of his son.
5. Cortlandt Skinner; see above, p. 335 n.
6. Almost certainly a reference to an “Extract of a letter from an American Gentleman in London, to his Friend in New-Jersey. London, Feb. 25, 1766,” which was reprinted in Pa. Jour., May 17, 1766, from a printing in the New York Gazette, May 1, 1766. The letter writer bitterly attacked the colonial agents in London, averring that they had “sacrificed and sold” the American people. It is not now possible to determine whether Dennys De Berdt (c.1694–1770), the Mass. agent since 1765, or Nicholas Ray (1716–1788?), a London merchant born in New York, wrote this calumny.
7. The supplement to Pa. Jour., Sept. 18, 1766, published “An Essay Towards discovering the Authors and Promoters of the Memorable Stamp Act,” supposed by BF’s friends to have been written by an old literary adversary, Hugh Williamson, above, p. 425 n. The piece accused BF of being one of the principal promoters of the Stamp Act.
8. See above, p. 335, for WF’s report of rumors that William Skinner, brother of the speaker of the N.J. Assembly, would be appointed to succeed him as governor of N.J., through the influence of the Duke of Grafton to whom he was distantly related by marriage.
9. The publication of BF’s Examination before the House of Commons was announced in Pa. Gaz., Sept. 18, 1766 (above, p. 126); WF evidently wanted a manuscript copy or one authenticated by British officials.
1. Although Hall in the Sept. 25, 1766, issue of Pa. Gaz. published Galloway’s refutation of the charges made against him in the article in the Pa. Jour. Supplement, Sept. 18, 1766, in the same issue he published two comparisons of Galloway’s sentiments in his Americanus pamphlet and in his letter to BF of Sept. 20, 1765 (above, XII, 269–70), with extracts from BF’s Examination before the House of Commons, which were designed to show that Galloway favored the Stamp Act.
2. Jack Retort was the pseudonym which Isaac Hunt used for his 1765 anti-proprietary papers, An Humble Attempt at Scurrility and Exercises at Scurrility Hall; see above, XII, 44 n, 83 n.
3. This letter, probably written in the winter of 1765, has not been found.
4. For William Goddard, who began publishing the Pennsylvania Chronicle in January 1767, see above, XII, 287–8 n.
5. The articles of partnership are printed in Goddard’s The Partnership: or the History of the Rise and Progress of the Pennsylvania Chronicle &c. (Phila., 1770), pp. 7–10.
6. Goddard, Galloway, and Wharton agreed that, if BF should return to Philadelphia and desire to join them in the printing of the Chronicle, he should have a two-ninths share of the enterprise.
7. That is, a press, formerly Benjamin Mecom’s, which Parker had used at Burlington, N.J., and then had shipped to Philadelphia. See above, XII, 409; this volume, pp. 109, 110.
8. The Chronicle was issued at the “New Printing Office, in Market Street, near the Post Office.” This was the house on the site of the present 326 Market St., just west of the Franklin property, where the family lived from 1761 until they moved into the new house in 1765. It belonged to Adam Eckert. See Hannah B. Roach, “Benjamin Franklin Slept Here,” PMHB, lxxxiv (1960), 166–74.
9. WF appears to be expressing a wish that BF return to Pa. as royal governor, a position to which his enemies had accused him of aspiring.