To Francis Bernard
ALS: Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philada. Feb. 21. 1764
I hope Mr. Bernard is well with you before this Time.6 As our Navigation was stopt by the Ice, and it was uncertain when our River would be open, and a good Vessel offer for Boston, I thought it might be best for him to proceed by Land, especially as he could have Col. Elliot’s7 Company so great a Part of the Journey. They parted, however, at New York, Mr. Bernard meeting there with Company going in the Packet to Rhodeisland.
I have no Receipts for Pickling either Sturgeon or Salmon, but will endeavour to procure you one for Sturgeon. In my Opinion a great deal depends on the kind of Salt to be used. For this I would refer you to Brownrigg’s Book8 where you may find what Salt the Dutch use for their Herrings. There is an alcaline corrosive Quality in common coarse Salt, which must be corrected by some Acid, in the Boiling or Refining of it. The Dutch use Buttermilk, I think, for that purpose. I am, with great Respect, Your Excellency’s most obedient and most humble Servant
P.S. I send the Account of my Disbursements, which if you please may be paid to Mr. Jonathan Williams, Mercht. Boston, for my Account.9
Endorsed: Dr Franklin Feb. 17641
4. See above, pp. 31–2.
5. See above, pp. 69–75.
6. For Francis Bernard, Jr.’s trip from Philadelphia to N.Y. and from there to Newport, see above, pp. 78–9.
7. Probably Col. Aaron Eliot of New London, Conn.; see above, VI, 173 n; X, 205 n.
8. William Brownrigg (1711–1800), physician and chemist, F.R.S., 1741, published On the Art of Making Common Salt (London, 1748). BF sent a copy of this book to James Bowdoin in 1753, and there is a copy of it in APS with BF’s marginal notes. See above, V, 79, 110. Edward H. Davidson, “Franklin and Brownrigg,” American Literature, XXIII (1951), 38–56.
9. In his account with BF (see above, X, 359) Jonathan Williams, Sr., recorded the receipt of £24 1s. 1½d. sterling from Governor Bernard on Feb. 28, 1764.
1. Added in another hand: “Sent me by Mr. O. Rich from London in 1832—It was addressed to Governor Bernard of Massachusetts. R. Gilmor.” Robert Gilmor, Jr. (1774–1848) was an autograph collector of Baltimore.