From Richard Cranch
Boston Novr: 10th. 1785
I wrote you largely by Capt. Cushing who sail’d from hence about 3 Weeks ago.1 I therein take notice of the State of our Trade, its Embarrasments &c— I have since received your esteemed Favour of Aug: 22d, 1785.2 It came to hand the Day before the Genl. Court met for the present Session. Your Opinion concerning our Navigation Act strengthened our Hands much who were in favour of that Measure. We wish that you may be right in your Opinion when you say that this Measure “will compell all the other States to imitate it. If they do not the Massachusetts will soon get so much of their Carrying Trade as will richly compensate her for any present Inconvenience.” This happy Effect of it, tho’ ardently wish’d for, is doubted by many. I wish you would give me the connexion between the Premises and that Conclusion, as it lies in your Mind.—3 It strikes me thus— The Masts, Timber and all kinds of Lumber, wanted by the British Subjects, for Europe and the West-Indies, are almost wholly within the command of the two States of Massachusetts and N: Hampshire, both which States have passed similar Acts— That therefore it is not supposable that they will suffer the other Sister States, who have not passed similar Acts, to counterwork all the force and intention of their Navigation Acts by purchasing their Lumber from them, and then carrying it to R: Island or elsewhere, and there selling it again to British Subjects to take it off in their own Bottoms. But will, on the contrary, take such Measures as will prevent what is thus sold and carried to Sister States, from being reship’d from thence in British Bottoms.— This reasonable Caution being supposed, I think we may then have the exclusive Advantage of supplying the British Subjects in our own Bottoms untill the other States will come into similar Measures. I wish, however, for your Ideas on this Subject.
Your Children are all well, and behave so as to give you Pleasure— Master John and Master Tom are at Haverhill, and Master Charles is at the University; where my Billy and He, and another most amiable Youth by the name of White (Son of Master White of Haver-hill) are happily united in Pursuits of Virtue and Litterature.4
You will see by Letters from our Friends that we have lost our benevolent and amiable Aunt Tufts of Weymouth. She died on Sunday the 30th of October, at 7 o’Clock in the Evening.5
Your Hond. Mother, your Brother and Family, and all Friends are as well as usual. By Capt. Cushing I sent you the Newspapers from the begining of the present Genl Court in May last, to the time of his sailing. I have now sent the Papers since that time, and also the Register that is just publish’d, by Capt Young, to whose care is committed a little Bundle containing something that Mrs. Cranch sent to her Sister. Capt Young (who I suppose will wait upon you) is related to your Mr. Tudor’s Lady, and Col: Tudor has been so obliging as to take the Charge of negotiating this little Matter with the Captain, who has promised to take care of it.6 I have enclosed a Letter from my dearest Friend to her Sister; to whome with your self and most amiable Daughter I wish every Blessing that will most promote your temporal and eternal Happiness.7
P.S. As I intend to keep you supply’d by every Oportunity with Adams & Nourse’s Paper, I should be glad if you would send me in return one of the London Papers.
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “To His Excellency / John Adams Esqr: L:L:D. / Minister from the United States / of America at the Court of / Great-Britain. Grosvenor- / Square. Westminster.”; endorsed: “Mr Cranch Nov. 10. & / Jan 11.— / ansd March 24. 1786”; and by AA2: “Richard Cranch—”
2. AFC description begins Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Richard Alan Ryerson, Margaret A. Hogan, and others, Cambridge, 1963–. description ends , 6:294–295. Cranch quotes from that letter later in the paragraph.
3. JA responded to Cranch’s request in his reply of 24 March 1786, for which see AFC description begins Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Richard Alan Ryerson, Margaret A. Hogan, and others, Cambridge, 1963–. description ends , 7:116–117.
4. For Leonard White, son of John White and close friend of JQA’s at Harvard, see JQA, Diary description begins Diary of John Quincy Adams, ed. David Grayson Allen, Robert J. Taylor, and others, Cambridge, 1981–. description ends , 1:339.
5. Lucy Quincy Tufts, wife of Cotton Tufts, was AA’s aunt. For AA’s sister’s account of her aunt’s death and funeral, see Mary Smith Cranch’s 8 Nov. 1785 letter to AA, AFC description begins Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Richard Alan Ryerson, Margaret A. Hogan, and others, Cambridge, 1963–. description ends , 6:454–457.
6. “The Massachusetts Register” comprised p. 1–114 of Pocket Almanack for . . . 1786, Boston, , Evans, description begins Charles Evans and others, American Bibliography: A Chronological Dictionary of All Books, Pamphlets and Periodical Publications Printed in the United States of America [1639–1800], Chicago and Worcester, 1903–1959; 14 vols. description ends No. 19006. For Capt. John Young’s relationship to William Tudor and his wife, Delia Jarvis Tudor, see vol. 16:443. This was the chocolate that AA requested in her 15 Aug. letter to Mary Smith Cranch, but as AA indicated in her letter of 21 March 1786, Capt. Young had allowed it to be seized at the customshouse. Fortunately for AA, her sister had also sent chocolate in the care of Capt. Nathaniel Byfield Lyde, who, AA wrote, “deliverd me the Chocolate safe” (AFC description begins Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Richard Alan Ryerson, Margaret A. Hogan, and others, Cambridge, 1963–. description ends , 6:279; 7:102).
7. That is, Mary Smith Cranch’s letter of 8 Nov. 1785, for which see note 5.