Adams Papers

The American Commissioners to the Baron von Thulemeier, 21 January 1785

The American Commissioners
to the Baron von Thulemeier

Passy Janry. 21st. 1785


We have received the letter you did us the honour to write us on the 10th day of December last.

We supposed that the principles contained in the project of a Treaty, which we had the honour to transmit you, were a virtual answer to the requisition in the last lines of your letter of the eighteenth of October. By the second & third Articles, the citizens & subjects of each power may frequent all the coasts & countries of the other and reside & trade there in all sorts of produce, manufactures or merchandises paying no greater duties than the most favoured nation. By the fourth Article each party shall have a right to carry their own produce, manufactures & merchandise in their own vessels to any parts of the dominions of the other where it shall be lawful for all the subjects or citizens of that other party to purchase them; and thence to take the produce, manufactures and merchandise of that other, which all the said citizens or subjects shall in like manner be free to sell them, paying in both cases such duties, charges & fees only as are or shall be paid by the most favoured nation.

But if by a city for the commerce of exchange between the merchants of the two nations, be meant a port more free than any intended in the said second third or fourth Articles, that is to say a port absolutely free from all duties and charges, or a port, where merchandize may be landed & stored and afterwards reembarked & exported without paying any imposts or duties, we submit to your consideration whether it will not be for the interests of Prussia that both Emden & Stetten at least should be made such: however should it be thought otherwise and we be still desired to elect one of the two ports, we should ask for time to communicate the proposition to Congress and to receive their instructions thereon.

We have the honour to be / With great consideration / And esteem / Your Excellencys / Most obedient and / Most humble Servants

John Adams
B Franklin
T Jefferson

FC in David Humphreys’ hand (PCC, No. 116, f. 145–147); internal address: “His Excellency / The Baron de Thulemeier / Exvoy Exty from His Prussian Majesty / at the Hague.”

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