George Washington Papers
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General Orders, 23 September 1777

General Orders

Head Quarters, Camp, near Potsgrove [Pa.] Septr 23rd 1777.

Parole: Bethlehem.Countersigns: Chatham. Dedham.

The General expects the returns of the army to morrow morning without fail, and enjoins it upon the commanding officers of corps to see that they are exactly made.

Each regiment is to proceed in making cartridges for its own use, that they may be held in store—Genl Knox will furnish them with materials.

It is expected, as the weather is now growing cool, that the troops will never have less, than two day’s provision by them[.] The necessity of this, the General does, in the strongest manner impress, upon the officers, in hopes they will exert themselves in seeing it executed, as the soldiers, or the service must greatly suffer, unless this is well attended to.

The General is informed that the Tin-Cannisters which were served out for the purpose of carrying ammunition, are in some instances applied to other uses; He therefore positively forbids such practices.

James Lloyd Esqr. is appointed a Volunteer Aid-de-Camp to Major Genl Greene—and to be respected accordingly.1

The sick in Camp, are to be sent immediately, to the artillery park, or house or barn nearest thereto, that the Surgeons may send them in waggons to Reading—A careful subaltern Officer from each division is to go with them—If so many officers are not necessary, the Surgeon General will dismiss a part of them—Each man is to take one day’s provision with him.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

GW’s headquarters from 23 to 26 Sept. was about four miles northeast of Pottstown at Falckner’s Swamp near New Hanover, Pa. (see GW to Anthony Wayne, this date, and note 1). GW apparently lodged at the house of William Antes (1731–1810) of Philadelphia (now Montgomery) County, who on 26 Sept. received £7.12.6 for feeding GW’s headquarters entourage, plus £3 for “the trouble house &c.” (household account book, 11 April 1776–21 Nov. 1780, DLC:GW, ser. 5, vol. 28; vouchers and receipted accounts, 1776–80, DLC:GW, ser. 5, vol. 29).

1James Lloyd (c.1756–1830) of Kent County, Md., who had been appointed a second lieutenant in the Kent County militia in September 1776, left Greene’s staff by the spring of 1778 in order to court his future wife, and he served in the Maryland general assembly for most of the remainder of the war. Lloyd was elected to the U.S. Senate in December 1797 to fill a vacancy, and he served until December 1800. During the spring and summer of 1798, Lloyd corresponded frequently with GW about the XYZ affair.

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